Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: Cooler conditions have been welcomed by both crops and livestock; however, the desire for rain gets stronger with each passing dry day. Farmers are now waiting for moisture and waiting for the crops to mature to see what kind of year it has really been. Fungicide and pesticide applications are wrapping up in most areas.
There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Only southwest Iowa had less than 6.0 days suitable with just 5.6 days suitable. Topsoil moisture levels rated 12 percent very short, 34 percent short, 52 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 7 percent very short, 29 percent short, 62 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.
All districts have at least 96 percent of their corn crop tasseling and silking. Eighty-six percent of the corn crop has reached the milk stage, behind last year’s 91 percent but ahead of the normal 79 percent. Slightly over half the corn crop has reached dough stage, behind last year’s 65 percent but ahead of the average 45 percent. Thirteen percent of the corn is in the dent stage, behind the 24 percent in 2010, but equal to the five-year average. Corn condition declined slightly to 67 percent good to excellent which is just 1 percentage point below average.
The 97 percent of the soybean crop blooming matches normal. Pods are being set on 84 percent of the soybean crop compared with 90 percent last year at this time and the average 87 percent. Soybean condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 49 percent good and 21 percent excellent.
Illinois: Slightly cooler weather and scattered showers across much of the state made for a favorable growing week and was a welcomed change from the hot and dry conditions experienced throughout the summer thus far. Statewide temperatures averaged 72.5 degrees last week, 1.2 degrees below normal. The northern portion of the state experienced slightly above normal precipitation; however, statewide precipitation was nearly 0.2 inches below average, ending the week at 0.65 inches. Many producers are taking advantage of this cooler weather to prepare equipment and facilities for harvest. Other activities continuing last week included aerial spraying of fungicides and insecticides, baling hay, and mowing roadsides.
Crop conditions remained fairly steady from last week. Corn is rated at 8 percent excellent, 42 percent good, 33 percent fair, 13 percent poor, and 4 percent very poor. Corn in the dough stage reached 74 percent, up 18 points from last week and 2 points above the fiveyear average. Corn dented increased from 10 percent last week to 30 percent this week.
Soybean condition is rated at 8 percent excellent, 49 percent good, 31 percent fair, and 12 percent poor or very poor. Soybeans blooming reached 97 percent, 3 points above the five-year average. Soybeans setting pods is at 75 percent, up from 57 percent last week but 1 point below the five-year average. Topsoil moisture is 15 percent very short, 41 percent short, 43 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.
Nebraska: For the week ending Aug. 14, 2011, a week with below normal temperatures and above normal precipitation brought some relief to the high heat and humidity that made for challenging growing conditions, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Storms brought high winds, hail, and heavy rain caused damage to crops and property in isolated locations. Irrigation was slowed by the rains and fungicide and insecticide applications occurred where needed. Temperatures ranged from 2 to 7 degrees below normal. Highs stayed out of the triple digits, but reached the low 90s. Lows were recorded in the low 50s. Most areas of the state received above normal rainfall for the week.
Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 18 fair, 55 good, and 20 excellent. Irrigated corn conditions rated 79 percent good to excellent and dryland corn rated 71. Corn in dough stage was 58 percent, well behind 76 last year and 70 average. Corn in the dent stage was 10 percent, behind 28 last year and 22 average. Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 57 good, and 21 excellent, equal to last year’s good to excellent and above 70 average.
Soybeans blooming were 94 percent, behind 99 last year and 98 average. Soybean acreage setting pods were at 72 percent, behind 89 last year and 84 average.
Missouri: The southwest district enjoyed a reprieve from the oppressively hot conditions with significant rainfall and cooler temperatures. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture began to recover from the oppressively hot dry July conditions, improving 6 points in the very short category to 19 percent very short, 45 percent short, 35 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Although topsoil moisture conditions improved across much of the central and southern portions of the state, the northern districts declined with the northwest now 46 percent short and very short, the north-central at 60 percent short and very short, and the northeast at 94 percent short and very short.
Corn dough stage and beyond was 84 percent, 9 days ahead of last year, and 1 week ahead of the five-year historic average (normal). Corn dented jumped 26 points from last week to 53 percent, 6 days ahead of last year, and five days ahead of normal. Corn mature was 7 percent, 2 days ahead of last year, and one day ahead of normal. The southwest was 79 percent mature, 54 points ahead of last year, followed by the west-central at 22 percent. Harvested corn was 1 percent, the same as last year. Corn condition remained similar to last week with 15 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Condition in the southwest now rated 93 percent poor and very poor.
Soybeans blooming and beyond were 88 percent, 4 days ahead of last year and normal. Blooming was almost complete in the northeast and west-central districts. Soybeans setting pods and beyond were 58 percent, one day ahead of last year, and two days ahead of normal. Soybean condition remained fairly stable from last week with 9 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.
Ohio: The average temperature for the state was 71.0 degrees, 0.7 degrees below normal for the week ending Sunday, August 14, 2011. Precipitation averaged 1.14 inches, 0.34 inches above normal. There were 161 modified growing degree days, 10 days below normal. Reporters rated 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Aug. 12, 2011. Topsoil moisture was rated 8 percent very short, 22 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. Rain helped reduce stress of heat, and helped soybeans and corn progress. Hail storms caused damage to corn and soybeans in Wyandot and Auglaize counties.
As of Aug. 14, 95 percent of corn was silked (tasseled), compared to 100 percent last year and 99 percent for the five-year average. Corn in dough was 31 percent, which was 49 percent behind 2010 and 29 percent behind the five-year average. Corn dented was 3 percent, compared to 31 percent last year and 13 percent for five-year average. Corn for silage was 1 percent harvested, equal to the five-year average. Seventy-eight percent of corn was in fair-to-good condition, down two percent from last week.
Ninety-three percent of soybeans were blooming, compared to 99 percent last year and 99 percent for the five-year average. Forty-six percent of soybeans were setting pods, compared to 81 percent last year and 84 percent for the five-year average. Eighty percent of soybeans were in fair-to-good condition, down two percent from last week.
Indiana: Cooler temperatures and scattered thunderstorms brought some relief to crops and livestock, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reporters indicate that crops and pastures responded quickly to any moisture that was received. However, many areas that missed the rain showers remain very dry and crop conditions continue to suffer. The soybean crop is currently in need of additional rainfall as pods are trying to fill. There were 5.7 days suitable for field work.
Ninety-eight percent of the corn crop has silked compared with 99 percent last year and 97 percent for the five-year average. Forty-eight percent of the corn is in dough compared to 78 percent last year and 60 percent for the five-year average. By region, 41 percent is in the dough stage in the north, 47 percent in the central region and 63 percent in the south. Six percent of the corn acreage is in the dent stage compared with 36 percent last year and 18 percent for the five-year average. Corn condition is rated 39 percent good to excellent compared with 60 percent last year at this time.
Ninety percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 97 percent last year and 93 percent for the five-year average. Fifty-nine percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 82 percent last year and 68 percent for the five-year average. By region, 61 percent is setting pods in the north, 57 percent in the central region and 61 percent in the south. Soybean condition is rated 47 percent good to excellent compared with 59 percent last year at this time.
Minnesota: Weekend rain across the state ended an otherwise dry week, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. For the week ending Aug. 14, 5.8 days were rated suitable for fieldwork, the second highest of the season. Topsoil moisture supplies rated surplus were 17 percent, compared to 24 percent last week. Reporters noted the need for rain in southern areas of the state, while wet conditions persisted in northwestern and central areas. Precipitation was reported at every station; however, amounts were below average statewide. The North Central District was the only district to receive above normal precipitation at nearly a half-inch. The statewide average temperature was 1.5 degrees cooler than normal, a departure from the hot conditions prevalent in earlier weeks.
Seventy-three percent of corn was in the milk stage, moving closer to the five-year average of 76 percent. Twenty-seven percent of corn was in the dough stage, and 2 percent was in the dent stage, compared to 6 percent last year and 8 percent average. Corn condition ratings were nearly equal to the previous week.
Soybeansa blooming were estimated at 93 percent, and 70 percent were setting pods, compared to 90 percent last year and 85 percent average. Soybean condition ratings improved slightly from the previous week.
South Dakota: The week saw rain and high humidity to start and hot weather at the weekend, ending with 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Crop development has improved across the board with the hot, humid conditions. Crop conditions were reported mostly as good and excellent.
Crop development accelerated with the warm, humid conditions, which also helped catch up with the growing degree days. Average corn height jumped to 50 inches, just behind 55 inches for the previous year. Corn has started tasseling with 13 percent complete, lagging behind the five-year average of 30 percent. Soybeans progress increased to 34 percent now blooming, still way behind the five-year average of 53 percent.