State Crop Summaries: Cooler Temps Ease Crop Stress

August 21, 2012 01:00 AM
 

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Iowa: Despite scattered showers and moderate temperatures, crop conditions showed little change according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Iowa Field Office. Crop development continues to stay ahead of normal pace. The week’s activities included cutting hay, spraying crops, and chopping corn for silage. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. East central Iowa, with 5.5 days, was the only area of the state with less than 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture level is unchanged from last week at 60 percent very short, 31 percent short, 9 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture also remains unchanged from last week at 70 percent very short, 26 percent short, 4 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Ninety percent of the corn crop has reached dough stage, ahead of last year’s 71 percent and the five year average of 59 percent. Sixty-five percent of the corn crop has reached the dent stage, ahead of last year’s 33 percent and the five year average of 25 percent. Thirteen percent of the corn crop is now mature, almost three weeks ahead of normal. Corn condition is reported at 23 percent very poor, 30 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 14 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Pods are being set on 95 percent of the soybean crop. Five percent of soybean fields are turning color. Soybean condition is reported at 14 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 23 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Harvest of third cutting of alfalfa hay, at 93 percent complete, is a month ahead of normal.

Illinois: Cooler temperatures and showers across much of the state last week were a welcomed change from the hot and dry conditions experienced throughout the summer thus far. Statewide temperatures averaged 68.7 degrees, 5.3 degrees below normal. Precipitation totaled 1.11 inches, 0.26 inches above normal. Topsoil moisture improved slightly from last week with 62 percent very short, 29 percent short and 9 percent adequate. Subsoil moisture also improved slightly to 75 percent very short, 22 percent short and 3 percent adequate. Corn in the dent stage jumped up to 80 percent statewide, compared to 46 percent last year and the 5-year average of 39 percent. Twenty-five percent of the crop is now mature, compared to 2 percent at this time last year. Corn conditions were rated at 42 percent very poor, 31 percent poor, 22 percent fair and 5 percent good. Soybeans setting pods has reached 94 percent, compared to 86 percent last year and the 5-year average of 83 percent. Soybeans turning yellow reached 7 percent. Soybean conditions improved to 26 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 13 percent good and one percent excellent. The sorghum crop is 93 percent headed, 53 percent coloring, and 5 percent mature. The third cutting of alfalfa is 84 percent complete.

Nebraska: For the week ending August 19, 2012, cooler temperatures brought some relief to crops and livestock; however, crop conditions did not improve with the little rain received, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Corn harvested for grain has spread along the southern tier of counties, while drought damaged corn fields continue to be chopped for silage or baled for hay. Irrigation has begun to wind down. Concerns over disease in dry bean fields were reported in the West. Producers were grazing alfalfa in some areas rather than harvesting a fourth cutting. Calves are being weaned and marketed earlier than normal this year due to lack of forage. Weather Summary: Light rain fell in the northeast quarter of the state with amounts up to three quarters of an inch. Remaining areas received little to no precipitation. Temperatures averaged from 6 degrees below normal in the Northwest and Southwest Districts to 9 degrees below normal in the Northeast District. Highs reached upper 90’s in the Southwest and lows were mostly in the 40’s.

Corn in the dough stage was 93 percent, compared to 76 last year and 10 days ahead of 79 average. Corn in the dent stage reached 67 percent, ahead of 25 last year and 32 average. Corn that has reached maturity was 14 percent, compared to 0 last year and average. Corn harvested for grain was 1 percent, compared to 0 last year and average. Corn conditions rated 22 percent very poor, 19 poor, 29 fair, 28 good, and 2 excellent, well below 75 percent good to excellent last year and 78 average. Irrigated corn conditions rated 51 percent good to excellent and dryland corn rated 2. Soybeans setting pods were 91 percent, ahead of 80 last year and 88 average. Soybeans turning color were at 9 percent, compared to 0 last year and 1 average. Soybean conditions rated 20 percent very poor, 25 poor, 36 fair, 18 good, and 1 excellent, well below last year’s 78 percent good to excellent and 77 average.

Missouri: Although temperatures remained cool, little to no precipitation left producers seeking water for livestock. Clear skies meant 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply remained a dramatic 90 percent very short, 9 percent short, and 1 percent adequate. Subsoil moisture supply followed suit at 90 percent very short, 9 percent short, and 1 percent adequate. Field Crops Report Corn dough stage and beyond was 96 percent, 11 days ahead of last year, and 16 days ahead of normal (5-year average). Corn dented was 85 percent, 10 days ahead of 2011, and 18 days ahead of normal. Corn mature was 51 percent, 17 days ahead of last year, and over 3 weeks ahead of normal. Corn harvested for grain was 18 percent, 3 weeks ahead of last year, and 24 days ahead of normal. Silage harvest continued, and aflatoxin was a concern in the northern part of the state. Corn condition remained similar to last week at 56 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 12 percent fair, 3 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Soybeans blooming and beyond were 96 percent, 1 week ahead of last year, and 11 days ahead of normal. Soybeans setting pods and beyond were 76 percent, 5 days ahead of last year, and 7 days ahead of normal. Soybeans turning color were 4 percent, 10 days ahead of last year, and 1 week ahead of normal, and plants were just beginning to drop leaves. Condition was 43 percent very poor, 35 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 6 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.

Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 70.0 degrees, 1.5 degrees below normal for the week ending Sunday, August 19, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.35 inches, 0.47 inches below normal. There were 125 modified growing degree days, 23 days below normal. Reporters rated 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, August 17, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 29 percent very short, 39 percent short, 32 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. This week’s multiple rain storms and cooler temperatures reduced stress to crops and livestock. Most crops responded positively to the isolated showers, however, at this point corn development is past the point where rain will have much of an effect outside of very late planted acreage. Field activities for the week included spraying for weeds and spider mites, tilling wheat stubble, applying fertilizer, and installing tile drainage. As of Sunday August 19th, 86 percent of corn was rated in the dough development stage, compared to 50 percent last year and 66 percent for the five-year average. Corn dented was rated at 45 percent, compared to seven percent last year and 20 percent for the five-year average. One percent of corn was mature. Corn for silage was 25 percent harvested, compared to three percent last year and four percent for the five-year average. Eight percent of soybeans were dropping leaves.

Indiana: Rain showers helped to improve drought conditions with less than half the state still in extreme to exceptional drought conditions compared with nearly 70 percent on July 31, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Corn harvest has begun in a few scattered fields around the state. Pastures and hay fields have greened up considerably in the last two weeks with hopes of one more cutting of hay before the end of the season. Later planted soybeans are benefitting from the recent rainfall with additional growth and pod fill. The rains have also slowed spider mite activity and hopefully will help limit the amount of aflatoxin in the corn crop. Lower than normal silage yields are being reported in drought damaged corn due to reduced stalk matter. There were 5.3 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-one percent of the corn acreage is in dough compared with 64 percent last year and 69 percent for the 5-year average. Fifty-eight percent of the corn is in the dent stage compared to 17 percent last year and 25 percent for the 5-year average. Nine percent of the corn acreage is mature compared to 0 percent last year and 1 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition is rated 9 percent good to excellent compared with 38 percent last year at this time. Ninety-four percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 70 percent last year and 77 percent for the 5-year average. Four percent of the soybeans are shedding leaves compared to 0 percent last year and 1 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition continued to improve and is now rated 20 percent good to excellent compared with 45 percent last year at this time.

Minnesota: Scattered showers and cooler temperatures moved into the region this past week, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. Statewide, average temperatures were 5.7° below normal and precipitation amounts varied. Some areas remained dry, while over an inch and a half of precipitation was recorded at a few reporting stations across the state. As of August 19, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 16 percent very short, 38 percent short, 45 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Statewide, 6.1 days were rated suitable for fieldwork during the week. Spring wheat harvest reached 99 percent complete. Other harvest activities included sweet corn at 63 percent complete, potatoes at 15 percent complete, and canola at 39 percent complete. Sugarbeet harvest was underway at 2 percent complete. Corn progress continued ahead of the five-year average pace. Corn was 92 percent in the dough stage or beyond, compared to 46 percent average. Fifty percent of corn was in the dent stage, compared to 15 percent average. Corn condition was rated 77 percent fair to good, unchanged from the previous week. Corn harvested for silage was 16 percent complete, compared to 4 percent average. Soybeans were 97 percent setting pods or beyond, compared to 89 percent average. Six percent of soybeans were turning yellow, compared to 2 percent average. Soybeans were rated 81 percent in fair to good condition, compared to 80 percent the previous week.

South Dakota: Precipitation was scattered last week, as cooler temperatures brought minimal relief to row crops. There were 6.6 days suitable for field work this past week. Major activities last week included haying CRP acres, hauling water for livestock, caring for livestock and cutting silage. This report was based on information from regional extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state. The temperature transition from very warm conditions has continued with statewide temperatures being much below average for the week, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Several low temperature records were tied or set at stations around the state. Precipitation was limited across the state. Thus, changes in the state’s drought status were minimal. Temperatures for the week averaged in the low 60’s statewide except for Winner’s 70° F. These temperatures were very cool compared to average for mid-August. Averages were 3 – 9° F below the 30 year averages. The highest daily temperature was 97o F at Oelrichs. The lowest reported was 37o F at Centerville. Several other stations dropped into the 30’s for lows. Many daily high temperatures did not get out of the 60’s during the week. Precipitation was also limited with no stations reporting over an inch. Many stations had no or very little precipitation. Sioux Falls had the highest total at 0.83 inches. Seven stations reported no precipitation. Another 16 had totals less than 0.10 inches. Thus, nearly the whole state was below average for the week continuing the summer dry trend. Lower temperatures have helped on some stress issues. But limited water and feed for cattle are continuing impacts. Topsoil moisture was rated at 51 percent very short, 30 percent short and 19 percent adequate; a slight improvement from the previous week’s estimate of 13 percent adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated at 56 percent very short, 27 percent short and 17 percent adequate to surplus.

Corn progressed this past week with 84 percent of the crop in the dough stage and 44 percent dented, steadily advancing from the 22 percent dented the previous week. Both stages are well ahead of the five year averages of 52 percent for the dough stage and 13 percent dented. Forty-eight percent of the corn crop has been cut for silage; ahead of both the previous year and five year averages of 2 percent. Soybeans setting pods were at 93 percent with 10 percent dropping leaves.


 

Back to news


Comments

 
Spell Check

No comments have been posted to this News Article

Corn College TV Education Series

2014_Team_Shot_with_Logo

Get nearly 8 hours of educational video with Farm Journal's top agronomists. Produced in the field and neatly organized by topic, from spring prep to post-harvest. Order now!

Markets

Market Data provided by QTInfo.com
Brought to you by Beyer
Close