Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: Another hot, dry week without significant precipitation in most areas of the state caused Iowa crop conditions to decline. With deteriorating crop conditions, there have been reports of some farmers starting to chop corn. Applying fungicide was the week’s most common field activity. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Topsoil moisture levels declined to 74% very short, 23% short, 3% adequate, and 0% surplus. At least 95% of the topsoil moisture is rated short to very short in all of Iowa’s districts. Subsoil moisture dropped to 64% very short, 32% short, 4% adequate, and 0% surplus.
Ninety-six percent of the corn crop is at or beyond the tasseling stage, ahead of last year’s 80% and the five-year average of 72 percent. Eighty-nine percent of the corn crop is silking, ahead of last year’s 63% and the five-year average of 55%. Thirty-six percent of the corn crop has reached the milk stage. Twelve percent of the corn crop has reached dough stage, almost two weeks ahead of normal. Reports show corn has reached the dent stage in all districts except Northwest and Northeast Iowa. Corn condition is reported at 14% very poor, 26% poor, 37% fair, 21% good, and 2% excellent.
Eighty-five percent of the soybean crop is at or beyond blooming stage, ahead of last year’s 74% and the five-year average of 72%. Pods are being set on 36% of the soybean crop, ahead of last year’s 19% and the five-year average of 26%. Soybean condition is rated 10% very poor, 20% poor, 42% fair, 25% good, and 3% excellent.
Illinois: The hot and dry weather continued again this week with a few areas experiencing spotty showers. Statewide temperatures averaged 81.8 degrees, 5.1 degrees above normal. Precipitation totaled 0.28 inches across the state, 0.68 inches below normal. Topsoil moisture continued to worsen and was rated at 80% very short, 19% short and only 1% adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated 77% very short, 20% short and only 3% adequate.
Corn silked has reached 98%, compared to 79% last year and the five-year average of 74%. Corn doughed was at 38%, compared to 12% last year and the five-year average of 16 percent. Corn conditions continued declining and were rated at 36% very poor, 30% poor, 27% fair, and 7% good. There were several reports from southern areas of producers cutting corn originally intended for grain into silage or even disking it under. Eighty-four percent of the soybean crop is now blooming, compared to 61% last year and the five-year average of 59%.
Forty percent of the soybean crop is now setting pods, compared to 13% last year and the five-year average of 18%. Soybean conditions were rated at 24% very poor, 25% poor, 38% fair, 12% good, and 1% excellent.
Nebraska: For the week ending July 22, 2012, ongoing drought conditions coupled with above normal temperatures continued to take a toll on dryland crops, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. With pastures and forage supplies short, corn acres have begun being chopped for silage or cut for hay. Irrigators were struggling with water demands and in some cases more water has been used to date than a full season would require. One fourth of the corn crop was in dough stage or beyond with some concern over insect levels. Over one quarter of the soybean crop has begun setting pods.
Temperatures increased from last week and ranged from 8 degrees above normal in the North Central District to 5 degrees above normal across the remainder of the state. Highs reached triple digits in all areas of the state and lows were recorded in the upper 50s. Areas across the North Central and Central Districts received measureable rainfall with a few locations accumulating over one inch. However, much of the state saw little to no precipitation.
Corn silked was 88%, compared to 62% last year and over one week ahead of 66% average. Corn in the dough stage was 25%, compared to 5% last year and average. Corn in the dent stage was 2%, compared to 0 last year and average. Corn conditions declined and rated 14% very poor, 19% poor, 30% fair, 32% good and 5% excellent, well below last year’s 80% good to excellent and 79% average. Irrigated corn conditions rated 57% good to excellent and dryland corn rated 9%. Soybeans blooming were 82%, ahead of 58% last year and 12 days ahead of 61% average.
Soybeans setting pods was 27%, ahead of 14% last year and 16% average. Soybean conditions declined and rated 10 percent very poor, 22% poor, 40% fair, 26% good, and 2% excellent, well below last year’s 78% good to excellent and 77% average.
Missouri: No rain equated to 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Now experiencing extreme drought, statewide topsoil moisture rated 90% very short, 9% short, and only 1% adequate. Subsoil moisture was 85% very short, 14% short, and 1% adequate. Grass fires continue to be a concern. Well pumps have been lowered to account for dropping ground water levels.
Corn silked and beyond was 95 percent, 13 days ahead of last year and 18 days ahead of normal (five-year average). Corn dough stage and beyond was 61 percent, 15 days ahead of last year, and 17 days ahead of normal. Corn dented was 26 percent, 16 days ahead of last year, and 18 days ahead of normal. Corn condition rated 48% very poor, 31% poor, 16% fair, 4% good, and 1% excellent. Rain will not help most of the corn crop at this point. Some producers cut silage and baled corn to salvage it due to low yields. Soybeans blooming and beyond were 60%, 1 week ahead of last year, and 10 days ahead of normal.
Soybeans setting pods and beyond were 16%, 5 days ahead of last year and normal. Soybean condition was 31% very poor, 37% poor, 24% fair, 7% good, and 1% excellent. Extreme drought conditions and excessive heat prevented some soybeans from flowering, and there were several reports of soybeans not setting pods.
Ohio: The average temperature for the state was 77.8 degrees, 3.8 degrees above normal for the week ending July 22, 2012. Precipitation averaged 1.34 inches, 0.39 inches above normal. There were 164 modified growing degree days, two days above normal. Reporters rated 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, July 20, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 53% very short, 37% short, 10% adequate, and 0% surplus.
As of Sunday July 22nd, 82% of corn was silked (tasseled), which was 59% ahead of last year and 28% ahead of the five-year average. Corn in dough was rated at 12%, ahead of both last week by 9% and the five-year average by 8%. The soybean crop was 78% blooming, compared to 32% last year and 60% for the five-year average. Twenty-one percent of the soybean acreage was setting pods, which was ahead of last year by 17% and the five-year average by 8%.
Indiana: Desperately needed rain finally arrived in many areas during the week, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, accumulations were not nearly enough to break the ongoing drought conditions gripping the state. Soybeans, hay crops and pastures will benefit from the rains, but a high percentage of the corn acreage has already moved past the pollination stage of development which will limit improvements that moisture can bring at this point. The Farm Service Agency (FSA) designated an additional 14 counties in Indiana as natural disaster areas bringing the total to 50. Farmers in these 50 counties along with another 24 contiguous counties may now be eligible for low interest emergency loans to help recover from financial losses due to the drought.
There were 5.9 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety percent of the corn acreage has silked compared with 53% last year and 62% for the five-year average. Twenty percent of the corn is in dough compared to 0% last year and 4% for the five-year average. Corn condition deteriorated slightly and is now rated 7% good to excellent compared with 46% last year at this time.
Seventy-eight percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 45% last year and 54% for the five-year average. Thirty-two percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 5% last year and 13% for the five-year average. Soybean condition showed some improvement and is now rated 12% good to excellent compared with 47% last year at this time.
Minnesota: Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies held relatively steady, and were rated 21% very short, 35% short, 40% adequate, and 4% surplus. Most crop condition ratings declined slightly. Corn and soybeans both remained in primarily fair to good condition. Temperatures averaged over 6° above normal this week and rainfall amounts varied across the state. Several northern areas remained dry, while some central parts of the state received above average precipitation. The highest weekly total was recorded in Melrose with 3.2 inches. During the week, there were 6.3 days rated suitable for fieldwork.
Corn development continued ahead of average, with 23% in the milk stage and 2% in the dough stage. Soybeans were 43% setting pods, compared to 8% last year and 12% for the five-year average.
South Dakota: Some scattered rain was seen across the state this past week, but more was still needed to give row crops relief from the heat. Small grain harvest was able to advance with the dry conditions; as well as cutting of hay with 6.5 days suitable for field work.Very warm temperatures again covered the whole state with little relief from drought conditions, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Some locations did receive precipitation amounts exceeding an inch helping provide a little relief. Most of the state did receive some precipitation, but amounts were typically very small. Temperatures for the week averaged in the low 80s statewide, ranging from 6-15° F above average. Most of the state reached triple digit highs again except for the far east and Black Hills. Topsoil moisture was rated at 13% adequate, 35% short and 52% very short. Subsoil moisture was rated at 14% adequate, 35% short and 51% very short.
Eighty-two percent of the corn had tasseled, with 63% silked. Seven percent of the corn was reported in the dough stage. Soybeans were at 87% blooming with 27% setting pods ahead of the five year average of 11% setting pods.