State Crop Summaries: Most Dry Conditions Support Strong Harvest Pace

September 18, 2012 12:36 AM
 

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Iowa: Mostly dry conditions coupled with cooler temperatures during the week aided harvest of Iowa’s crops, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Iowa Field Office. There have been a few reports of farmers completing corn harvest and moving to soybean harvest. One reporter mentioned "This is the earliest harvest I have observed in my career." The week’s activities included row crop harvesting, fall tillage, haying CRP acres, and hauling water for livestock. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Topsoil moisture level is rated at 42 percent very short, 42 percent short, 16 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture is rated at 59 percent very short, 34 percent short, 7 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Eighty-eight percent of the corn crop is now mature, well ahead of last year’s 52 percent and the five year average of 44 percent. Twenty-two percent of the corn crop has been harvested for grain or seed, over three weeks ahead of normal. In fact, corn harvest is more advanced than it has been on September 16th since the NASS Iowa Field Office began keeping records. Moisture content of all corn in the field is estimated at 23 percent while the moisture content of corn being harvested is estimated at 19 percent. Corn lodging is rated at 60 percent none, 22 percent light, 13 percent moderate, and 5 percent heavy. Ear droppage is rated at 68 percent none, 22 percent light, 9 percent moderate, and 1 percent heavy. Corn condition improved slightly and is now rated at 20 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 17 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Ninety percent of the soybean crop is turning color, ahead of last year’s 67 percent and the five year average of 75 percent. Fifty-four percent of Iowa’s soybean fields are dropping leaves, a 28 percentage point increase from last week. Six percent of the state’s soybean crop has been harvested with northwest Iowa leading the way with 12 percent. Soybean condition improved slightly and is now rated at 12 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 25 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.

Illinois: Temperatures dipped below average this week, ending the week at an average of 65 degrees, 2.6 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.16 inches, 0.60 inches below normal. The cooler temperatures and lack of rain for most of the state provided an average of 6 days suitable for field work. Topsoil moisture was rated at 15 percent very short, 34 percent short, and 51 percent adequate. Subsoil moisture levels were rated at 37 percent very short, 46 percent short, and 17 percent adequate. Corn harvest continued to progress with 36 percent of the crop now being harvested. Corn harvest was 9 percent complete at this time last year and the five 5-year average for this time period is 13 percent. There was little change in the corn condition, now rated at 42 percent very poor, 33 percent poor, 18 percent fair, and 7 percent good. Soybean harvest is beginning in many areas around the state but only 3 percent of the crop has been harvested so far. Seventy-nine percent of the soybean crop is turning yellow, compared to 62 normally. Soybeans dropping leaves increased to 45 percent last week, compared to 26 percent last year and the five 5-year average of 32 percent. Soybean conditions were rated at 19 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 19 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending September 16, 2012, fall harvest continued to gain momentum until mid-week when showers occurred across much of the State, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Precipitation totals were less than .50 inch in most locations. This reduced fire danger for a time, but in most areas did little to change the overall soil moisture situation. Corn harvest was near one fourth complete. Soybean harvest has started with fields maturing rapidly. Winter wheat seeding was slow with emergence limited due to dry topsoils. Proso millet harvest was active. Cattle producers continued seeking forage supplies and culling of livestock remained active. Weather Summary: Precipitation was received in most areas of the state. Largest accumulations were recorded in the Southeast with a few locations receiving over 2 inches. Temperatures averaged 1-2 degrees above normal across the state. Portions of the North Central District were up to 4 degrees above normal while the Southeast District was 1 degree below normal. Highs were mainly in the upper 90’s and lows in the upper 30’s. Corn mature reached 74 percent, compared to 18 last year and 17 days ahead of 25 average. Corn harvested for grain was 23 percent, compared to 2 last year and average. Corn conditions rated 23 percent very poor, 19 poor, 25 fair, 29 good, and 4 excellent, well below 75 percent good to excellent last year and 79 average. Irrigated corn conditions rated 54 percent good to excellent and dryland corn rated 4. Soybeans turning color were at 91 percent, compared to 63 last year and 73 average. Soybeans dropping leaves were 51 percent, compared to 13 last year and 24 average. Soybeans harvested were 5 percent. Soybean conditions rated 20 percent very poor, 27 poor, 34 fair, 18 good, and 1 excellent, well below last year’s 80 percent good to excellent and 78 average.

Missouri: Cool temperatures and scattered rains helped improve pasture conditions. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork although due to extended rainfall, the southwest district had less than 4 days suitable. Topsoil moisture supply slightly improved from last week to 30 percent very short, 33 percent short, 35 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was 65 percent very short, 24 percent short, and 11 percent adequate. Ground worked fall tillage was 10 percent, 9 days ahead of last year, and 17 days ahead of normal. Field Crops Report Corn harvested was 66 percent, 16 days ahead of last year, and 29 days ahead of normal (5-year average). Corn moisture at harvest was 15.6 percent, ranging from 13 percent in the west-central district to 16.7 percent in the north-central district. Soybeans turning color and beyond were 59 percent, 4 days ahead of last year, and 6 days ahead of normal. Soybeans dropping leaves and beyond were 26 percent, 4 days ahead of last year and normal. Soybeans mature were 6 percent, with the north-central district 13 percent and the south-central district 10 percent. Soybeans harvest was reported in 8 districts. Soybean condition improved slightly to 37 percent very poor, 34 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 7 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.

Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 64.2 degrees, 1.6 degrees below normal for the week ending Sunday, September 16, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.07 inches, 0.77 inches below normal. There were 95 modified growing degree days, 20 days below normal. Reporters rated 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, September 14, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 24 percent very short, 39 percent short, 36 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Recent rains have slowed maturing of corn and soybeans. Field activities for the week included tilling wheat stubble, applying fertilizer and manure, and baling hay. Corn and soybeans are being harvested in more parts of the state. As of Sunday September 16th, corn dented was rated at 95 percent, compared to 63 percent last year and 82 percent for the five-year average. Thirty-eight percent of corn was mature, 27 percent ahead of last year and 9 percent ahead of the five-year average. Four percent of the corn was harvested for grain, two percent ahead of the five-year average. Corn for silage was 83 percent harvested, compared to 33 percent last year and 55 percent for the five-year average. Fifty-six percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, compared to 16 percent last year and 44 percent for the five-year average. Fourteen percent of the soybeans were mature, 12 percent ahead of last year and two percent ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans were three percent harvested, compared to two percent for the five-year average.

Indiana: Favorable weather conditions allowed farmers to make good progress with harvest and tillage operations during the week, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Corn harvest is progressing rapidly but is still behind the record early pace of 2010 when approximately 21 percent of the crop had been harvested at this same time. Corn yields are reported to vary greatly between fields and even within individual fields. Soybean harvest has been slow to get started but many fields are now mature. Final cuttings of hay are reported to be the best this season in many areas. There were 5.9 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-six percent of the corn acreage is in the dent stage compared to 81 percent last year and 84 percent for the 5-year average. Sixty-five percent of the corn acreage is mature compared to 32 percent last year and 41 percent for the 5-year average. Seventeen percent of the corn acreage has been harvested compared to 3 percent last year and 7 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 10 percent of the corn acreage has been harvested in the north, 13 percent in the central region, and 38 percent in the south. Corn condition is rated 11 percent good to excellent compared with 34 percent last year at this time. Moisture content of harvested corn is averaging about 23 percent. Sixty-four percent of the soybean acreage is shedding leaves compared to 34 percent last year and 47 percent for the 5-year average. Five percent of the soybean acreage has been harvested compared to 1 percent last year and 4 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 3 percent of the soybean acreage has been harvested in the north, 6 percent in the central region, and 5 percent in the south. Soybean condition is now rated 28 percent good to excellent compared with 41 percent last year at this time. Moisture content of harvested soybeans is averaging about 14 percent.

Minnesota: Producers continued to make progress on corn and soybean harvest this past week, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. As of September 16, the soybean harvest advanced to 16 percent complete, compared to 1 percent for the five year average. The average moisture content of harvested soybeans was 12 percent. Corn harvest advanced to 12 percent complete, compared to 1 percent average. The average moisture content of harvested corn was 21 percent. Statewide, 6.7 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Other harvest activities included sweet corn at 93 percent complete and corn chopped for silage at 96 percent complete. Crop development continued ahead of average. Corn was 80 percent mature, compared to 23 percent last year and 30 percent average. Soybeans were 57 percent mature, compared to 5 percent last year and 13 percent average. Dry conditions persisted across most of the state. Some northern areas remained dry, while precipitation amounts recorded in southern parts of the state ranged up to nearly one half of an inch. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 32 percent very short, 44 percent short, and 24 percent adequate compared to 27 percent very short, 42 percent short, and 31 percent adequate the previous week.

South Dakota: Row crop harvest advanced this past week across much of the state and continued dry conditions allowed for 6.7 days suitable for field work. Major activities last week included beginning of row crop harvest, haying CRP acres, hauling water for livestock, early moving of cattle to stubble fields, and caring for livestock. This report was based on information from regional extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state. Drought conditions were largely unchanged for another week with little precipitation and largely warmer than average conditions across the whole state, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. The warmer and dry conditions continued to push crops quickly along to maturity statewide several weeks early. Few rainy days and overall dry soil conditions were also allowing for quick progress on harvesting. Temperatures continued their trend at above-average across the state with temperatures ranging from 1 – 5o F above average over most of the state. Fourteen stations again were at 100o F or above during the week. The highest temperature was at Philip at 103o F. Temperatures showed their typical fall variability with many stations falling into the 30’s along with the overall warm conditions. Aberdeen fell to the lowest temperature at 31o F. Precipitation was very limited once again across the whole state. No stations were above average for the week. Some stations in central and western South Dakota have received no precipitation in the last 30 days setting records for low precipitation over that time frame. The largest precipitation total for the previous week was at Pickstown and Mission at 0.32 inches. Fewer than half the stations reported precipitation. A total of 22 stations had the low precipitation total for the week with no recorded precipitation for the week. Dry conditions helped with the progress of row crop harvest with corn harvested at 19 percent, up from the 7 percent from the previous week. Corn harvested is well ahead of the five year average of 1 percent. Corn conditions saw slight improvement from the previous week at 18 percent very poor, 29 percent poor, 31 percent fair and 22 percent good to excellent. Corn in the mature stage was at 71 percent this week. Ninety-three percent of the corn silage has been cut. Soybean conditions also saw minor improvements with 14 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 33 percent fair and 25 percent good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 93 percent. Sixty-three percent of soybeans were rated mature compared to 34 percent the previous week. Soybeans harvested were at 15 percent, up from the 3 percent the previous week.


 

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