Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Kansas: For the week ending March 17, 2013, most areas of Kansas saw only light amounts of precipitation with above normal temperatures in the west and below normal temperatures in the east, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office. The Kansas wheat crop has started to green up with the warmer temperatures. Producers were top dressing wheat and cool season grasses. Lack of soil moisture is a concern for spring planting and for development of the wheat crop. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated as 19 percent very short, 30 percent short, 48 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Kansas subsoil moisture supplies were rated as 42 percent very short, 41 percent short, 17 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Producers averaged 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The Kansas winter wheat crop was 3 percent jointed, compared to 11 percent a year ago and 5 percent average. The condition of the crop was rated as 10 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 27 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Eighty-one percent of the crop had no wind damage, 14 percent had light wind damage, 4 percent had moderate wind damage, and 1 percent had severe wind damage. Eighty-six percent of the crop had no freeze damage, 9 percent had light freeze damage, 4 percent had moderate freeze damage, and 1 percent had severe freeze damage.
Texas: Warmer temperatures were reported across the state last week. Dry conditions continued to be a problem, with winds depleting soil moisture. Only the Blacklands and North East Texas received significant rainfall during the week, with some areas reporting as much as 2 to 4 inches. Small grains in the Blacklands and North East Texas made gains last week, and oats started to head out. Irrigated fields in the Panhandle and South Texas also did well, but dry land wheat across the rest of the state was stressed by a lack of moisture. The Texas winter wheat crop is rated 1% excellent, 15% good, 40% fair, 31% poor and 13% very poor.
Oklahoma: Wheat was rated mostly good to fair, with 37 percent rated poor to very poor. Only a few showers fell in Oklahoma over the past week, mainly in eastern Oklahoma. March is off to a dry start, and six of the nine districts have received less than half of normal precipitation for the period since March 1st. Temperatures warmed up the second half of the week to springtime highs averaging in the 70’s. Warmer weather encouraged growth of grasses and pasture. However, higher temperatures and winds in western Oklahoma resulted in losing some topsoil moisture. The March 12th Drought Monitor showed improvements to drought conditions, although the entire state was still rated moderate drought or higher. Parts of eastern Oklahoma were downgraded from severe to moderate drought. Topsoil moisture conditions continued to be rated mostly adequate, but the percentage rated short increased to 32 percent. Subsoil moisture conditions were still rated mostly short to very short with 14 percent of the state rated as adequate. There were six days suitable for fieldwork on average across the state. Small Grains: Condition ratings for all small grains and canola continued to improve. Wheat, rye and oats were rated mostly good to fair, while canola was rated mostly fair to poor. Wheat jointing was 31 percent complete by Sunday, on track with the five-year average. The winter wheat crop is rated 15% very poor, 22% poor, 39% fair, 23% good and 1% excellent.
Colorado: With the exception of isolated areas, dry conditions persisted throughout Colorado last week. Overall, mountain snowpack is 77 percent of average. Farmers were allowed 5.0 days in the field for spring operations. Nine percent of the winter wheat crop was reported being pastured this week, up from the five-year (2008-2012) average of 7 percent. The crop condition was rated mostly fair to poor as conditions have been consistently dry.