Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Kansas: Kansas farmers moved closer to completing fall harvest last week, slowed only by light rain and even snow in some areas of the northwest corner of the State. Most locations received precipitation last week, however only 10 stations received one-half inch or more, led by Ottawa with 1.11 inches. The heaviest precipitation was limited to the extreme eastern areas of the State. Temperatures ranged from 5 degrees above normal to 4 degrees below normal with highs in the 70’s at all locations except Hays which saw a high of 80 degrees. Lows ranged from 16 degrees at Colby and Tribune to 33 degrees at Pittsburg. Kansas farmers averaged 5.7 days suitable for field work last week with only the Northwest District having less than 5 days suitable. Topsoil moisture supplies improved slightly to 32 percent very short, 35 percent short, 32 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 42 percent very short, 33 percent short, and 25 percent adequate. Producers were busy harvesting the fall crops that remain, along with applying fall chemicals and fertilizers. Planting of the winter wheat crop was almost complete, while 87 percent of the crop has emerged, ahead of 84 percent the previous year and 83 percent for the 5-year average. Wheat condition was rated as 3 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. There are reports of producers having to spray insect infestations in a few areas.
Texas: Areas of the East Texas and South Texas received up to one inch of rainfall, while the rest of the state observed little to no precipitation. Small Grains: Some winter wheat was damaged in areas of the Cross Timbers due to a recent freeze. In areas of the Blacklands, producers continued to seed winter wheat and oat fields while applying fertilizer. Wheat and oat seeding was slowed due to lack of moisture in areas of South Texas; however, early seeded wheat and oats made good progress due to earlier rainfall. In areas of the Upper Coast, the ratoon rice harvest continued.
Oklahoma: Additional rainfall last week kept crop progress for wheat, rye, oats and canola on track. Although the state continued experiencing severe drought conditions, the recent rains have reduced the percent of the state under exceptional drought conditions. The November 1 U.S. Drought Monitor reported 42 percent of the state remaining under exceptional drought conditions, down from 55 percent reported on October 25th and 64 percent on August 2nd. Eight of the nine districts were above 50 percent of normal precipitation since September 1st, while the Southeast district was at 41 percent of normal. Topsoil moisture conditions showed 34 percent rated adequate, compared to 38 percent the previous week. Subsoil moisture conditions improved slightly with 64 percent very short, down from 70 percent the previous week. There were 6.1 days suitable for field work. With most of the fall crops planted and emerged, temperatures and precipitation are in control for the 2011-2012 season. Conditions for wheat, rye, and canola continued to be rated mostly good to fair. Wheat planting reached 95 percent complete, up five points from the previous week, with 81 percent emerged.
Nebraska: For the week ending November 6, 2011, precipitation in the forms of both rain and snow fell during the middle of the week slowing most field operations, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Strong winds on Saturday aided in drying fields to allow producers to proceed with field operations. Wheat conditions continue well above last year. Temperatures for the week averaged 2 degrees below normal for most of the state with the Panhandle District falling to 5 degrees below normal. High temperatures reached the mid 70’s and lows dipped into the low teen’s in the western half of the state. Precipitation in the form of snow fell in portions of the west on Wednesday. Rain fell in the south and southeast on Thursday with totals less than one inch in most locations. Winter Wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 21 fair, 67 good, and 11 excellent, well above 43 percent good to excellent last year and 68 average.
Colorado: Most of Colorado experienced above average precipitation with more snow, especially along the I-70 corridor. Cooler temperatures accompanied the moisture restricting harvest operations for a second week. Farmers were allowed 5.3 days in the field for operations last week. Winter wheat was 97 percent emerged and in mostly good to fair condition by the end of last week.