Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Kansas: Kansas producers saw another week of dry conditions while temperatures were mostly above normal which allowed harvesting of row crops to advance toward completion. High temperatures were in the 80’s across the State while lows were in the 20’s to mid-30’s. Dry weather continued as only 12 of the 52 stations recorded more than one tenth of an inch of precipitation, led by McDonald with 0.34 inch and Goodland with 0.32 inch. Kansas farmers averaged 6.7 days suitable for field work last week with only the Northwest District having less than 6 days suitable. Topsoil moisture supplies declined for another week to 35 percent very short, 35 percent short, 29 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 43 percent very short, 32 percent short, and 25 percent adequate. Farmers continued to plant the last of their winter wheat and harvest the remaining fall crops. Kansas winter wheat producers had only 4 percent of their crop left to be planted as of Sunday bringing the total to 96 percent, the same as last year but ahead of the 5-year average of 91 percent. Eighty-one percent of the crop had emerged, ahead of 73 percent the previous year and 75 percent for the 5-year average. Wheat condition was rated as 4 percent excellent, 40 percent good, 44 percent fair, 9 percent poor, and 3 percent very poor. Ninety-two percent of the cotton crop had bolls opening, behind 100 percent in 2010 but ahead of the 5-year average of 88 percent. Fourteen percent of the cotton has been harvested, behind 25 percent last year but the same as the 5-year average.
Texas: Areas of the Northern Plains and East Texas received up to 2 inches of rainfall, while the rest of the state observed scattered showers. Small Grains: Dry land winter wheat seeding progressed well due to improved soil moisture in areas of the Northern Plains. Emerging winter wheat continued to make good progress due to recent precipitation. In areas of the Cross Timbers, Areas of the Northern Plains and East Texas received up to 2 inches of rainfall, while the rest of the state observed scattered showers. Small Grains: Dry land winter wheat seeding progressed well due to improved soil moisture in areas of the Northern Plains. Emerging winter wheat continued to make good progress due to recent precipitation. In areas of the Cross Timbers,
Oklahoma: Several rains during the past month have benefitted the wheat, rye and canola planted, although emergence has been behind normal due to the late planting. The condition of wheat and rye was rated mostly good to fair and canola was rated mostly fair. Additional rainfall is needed to replenish the huge deficit of subsoil moisture, as the state was still in a severe to exceptional drought as of the October 25th Drought Monitor. Another precipitation event on Thursday averaged just over half an inch across the state. The northern third of the state missed most of the rainfall last week while the Southwest district received the most with 1.07 inches on average. In the Panhandle district the precipitation came in the form of snow, with an inch reported in multiple locations. The snow was preceded by only a few days with a high of 88 degrees for the district recorded in Buffalo on Monday. The cool down the second half of the week occurred statewide and temperatures for the week averaged in the mid-50s. Topsoil moisture conditions improved from the previous week with 38 percent rated adequate, compared to 29 percent the previous week. Subsoil moisture conditions showed only a slight improvement; eight percent was rated adequate, up from six percent the week before. There were 5.3 days suitable for field work. Planting of most small grains and canola were winding down this past week. The condition of wheat, rye and canola already emerged was rated mostly good to fair. Wheat planting reached 90 percent complete, up 8 points from the previous week and 68 percent was emerged
Nebraska: For the week ending October 30, 2011, mostly dry conditions coupled with cooler temperatures aided harvest progress of fall crops, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Wheat conditions continue well above last year. Soil moisture levels continue to decline and are now below average for this time of year. During the last two months, precipitation averaged less than 50 percent of normal across much of the eastern third of Nebraska. Weather Summary: Temperatures for the week averaged 2 degrees below normal. High temperatures reached the 80’s and lows dipped into the mid teen’s in the Panhandle. The Southwest and Panhandle Districts received limited rain during the week with accumulations averaging near a quarter of an inch. Winter Wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 22 fair, 69 good, and 8 excellent, well above 38 percent good to excellent last year and 67 average. Wheat emerged was 98 percent, ahead of 92 last year and 95 average.
Colorado: Most of Colorado experienced above average precipitation with the snow storm that halted harvest operations. The State experienced slightly below average temperatures last week. Farmers were allowed 5.0 days in the field for operations last week. Winter wheat condition improved last week after receiving the moisture. The crop was 95 percent emerged and in mostly good to fair condition by the end of last week.