Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Kansas: Temperature averages for the month of January over most of the State were two to five degrees above normal. Rainfall was received in most areas of the State, with all 53 stations recording at least trace amounts of moisture for the month, but none received an inch or more. The lightest amount was in the northwest where Goodland only received 0.12 inch. Great Bend and Salina, in the center of the state, both reported 0.94 inch for the highest precipitation amount. Temperatures varied widely during the month with a low of -5 degrees at Ulysses to a high of 75 in Elkhart. There were 14.5 days suitable for field work, compared to 16.6 days a year ago. Topsoil moisture supplies as of January 27 were rated 48 percent very short, 37 percent short, and 15 percent adequate, virtually unchanged from the beginning of the month. The Northwest District is still the driest district with 97 percent reported in the short to very short for topsoil moisture. Limited moisture in most areas caused the condition of the winter wheat to decline during January. The condition of the crop was rated 14 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 19 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Wind damage was rated as 1 percent severe, 5 percent moderate, 13 percent light, and 81 percent with no damage, while freeze damage was rated as 1 percent severe, 4 percent moderate, 11 percent light, and 84 percent with no damage.
Oklahoma: Another month of below normal precipitation added to the ongoing drought in Oklahoma. The statewide average was just under an inch for the month of January to date. Although the Southeast district received more than two inches, this was still below average for the month. Statewide precipitation for the period since September 1st was only 50 percent of normal, ranging from 39 percent of normal in the North Central district to 66 percent of normal in the Panhandle. The U.S. Drought Monitor continues to report that the entire state is in a severe to exceptional drought, with just under 40 percent of the state in an exceptional drought, the worst classification. The result of the continuing drought has been poor conditions for all fall planted crops and limited grazing of small grains. Livestock producers are low on water and hay supplies in addition to the lack of grazing. Temperatures varied to extremes: a low of 10 below zero was recorded in Kenton at the beginning of the month and Sunday’s highs were in the 60s and 70s, reaching 80 degrees at Hollis. A few warm stretches didn’t keep winter temperatures away however, with lows for the month to date averaging below freezing in all districts. Topsoil moisture conditions improved slightly from December, but 90 percent was rated short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions were still rated 98 percent short to very short, though the portion rated very short dropped from 80 percent in December to 75 percent in January. Conditions of all small grains and canola declined over the past month and were rated mostly poor to very poor. Only 22 percent of the wheat crop was being grazed, 14 points below the five-year average.
Nebraska: For the month of January 2013, temperatures averaged near normal while precipitation was well below normal across most of the state, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Precipitation was light during January with most areas receiving less than a quarter of an inch of moisture, and at the end of the month, most of the State was free of snow cover. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated as short to very short across most of the State, largely unchanged from last month. Wheat condition continued well below year ago levels with most of the crop rated fair to poor. Below-normal precipitation fell during January across most of the state. This resulted in little or no snow cover at the end of January. The greatest amounts of precipitation in the form of rain and snow fell across Northwestern and Southeastern border counties, but accumulations amounted to little more than .50 inch of moisture. Temperatures averaged 2 to 3 degrees below normal for the western half of the state and up to 3 degrees above for portions of the eastern half. During the last week of the month, soil temperatures ranged from 26 to 33 degrees, below year ago levels. Wheat conditions statewide rated 15 percent very poor, 35 poor, 42 fair, 8 good, and 0 excellent, well below last year.