State Report Highlights: More Precip Needed in Winter Wheat Areas

05:01AM May 01, 2012
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Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Kansas: Last week, many Kansas producers saw record high temperatures as most of the State reported highs over 90 degrees, while a few saw low temperatures at or below freezing. Ashland led the State with a high of 99 degrees, while Alton, with a weekly low of 29 and a weekly high of 97, saw the biggest temperature range of 68 degrees. Ten stations recorded temperatures at or below freezing, but all stations had average temperatures warmer than normal. All but three stations received some precipitation and twenty-two stations had over one half-inch. The top three stations were Leavenworth at 2.70 inches, Herington at 1.68 inches, and Pittsburg at 1.67 inches. Producers averaged 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork, the same as the previous week. Because of the high temperatures and wind, topsoil moisture conditions decreased to 5 percent very short, 16 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies also decreased to 5 percent very short, 21 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Producers were busy spraying wheat, applying fertilizer, and planting corn, soybeans, sorghum, and cotton.

The Kansas wheat crop continues to progress three weeks ahead of the average as 74 percent of the wheat crop has headed, well ahead of 13 percent last year and the 5-year average of 7 percent. While the Northwest and West Central districts are still below 30 percent headed, five districts are over 90 percent headed. The condition of the wheat crop declined slightly to 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Freezing temperatures in some areas over the past month have caused a slight increase in freeze damage to 5 percent light and 1 percent moderate. Insect damage was rated at 19 percent light, 4 percent moderate, and 1 percent severe. Rust is becoming a concern as disease damage increased to 26 percent light, 14 percent moderate, and 3 percent severe. Kansas corn producers have planted 57 percent of their crop, about a week ahead of the previous year of 38 percent and the 5-year average of 32 percent. At 25 percent, corn emergence is also ahead of normal with the Southeast and East Central Districts already reporting more than half the crop as emerged.

Texas: Most areas of the state received little or no rainfall last week. Isolated portions of the Northern Plainsreceived up to 3 inches for the week while warm, dry conditions persisted in most other areas. Wheat andoats continued to mature ahead of schedule in many areas due to hot and dry conditions. Small grains were in need of rain and many fields showed signs of stress. Around the state, haying and silage chopping continued.

Oklahoma: Above average temperatures and wind continued to dry out the soil, especially in the Panhandle, where extreme drought conditions were still present. Wheat continued to develop ahead of normal with the high temperatures, and limited subsoil moisture from the past year remained a concern. Record-setting temperatures were reached Wednesday, with two Mesonet stations, Erick and Altus, recording 105 degree temperatures. That was an all-time state record for April 25th, and tied the second highest temperature ever recorded for the whole month of April. Storms brought needed moisture for some over the weekend, and too much moisture in the form of flooding for others. Heavy rains were isolated in north central Oklahoma, while much of the southern half of Oklahoma received very little rainfall. Blackwell Mesonet measured 7.23 inches for the week, almost all of which came on Sunday. Hail was also reported in Osage County. Severe weather throughout the past month has led to reports of hail damage and wheat laying down. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate. The percentage rated as surplus topsoil moisture increased, due to the flooding. There were 6.2 days suitable for field work.

Conditions continued to be rated mostly good for all small grains, and all stages were ahead of normal. Wheat heading was 97 percent complete by the end of the week, 17 points ahead of last year and 33 points ahead of normal. Forty-one percent of the crop had reached the soft dough stage of development, far in advance of the five-year average

Nebraska: For the week ending April 29, 2012, good planting progress was made until late in the week when widespread precipitation stopped fieldwork, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. While precipitation slowed field activities, the moisture was welcome. Wheat jointed, at 67 percent, continued two weeks ahead of average with heads starting to show. Accumulated growing degree days are ahead of normal. Wheat jointed was 67 percent, well ahead of last year’s 21 and 26 average. Wheat headed was 5 percent. Rust was a concern in parts of South Central and Southeast Districts. Wheat conditions rated 3 percent poor, 27 fair, 59 good, and 11 excellent, above last year’s 46 percent good to excellent and 62 average. Temperatures averaged 4 degrees above normal across the state. High temperatures ranged from the mid 90’s in the southern half of Nebraska to lows of 30 in the Central District. The highest levels of precipitation of over one inch fell in the Panhandle, North Central, Central and Southwest Districts. Lesser accumulations fell across the remainder of the state.

Colorado: Last week Colorado experienced scattered showers on the Eastern Plains, bringing some much needed moisture to small grain and row crops. The State, overall, received below average precipitation with above average temperatures. Early and continued warm temperatures have pushed wheat and grass growth ahead of normal. The San Luis Valley reported that due to extreme dry conditions there is the potential for prevented planting claims. Overall, the mountain snowpack is 28 percent of average raising concerns about the availability of irrigation water this growing season. Farmers were allowed 6.0 days in the field for spring operations. Winter wheat progress increased to 67 percent jointed and 3 percent headed. The crop was rated in mostly good to fair condition. The winter wheat reported being pastured remained at 1 percent.