Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: Warm, dry conditions are beginning to stress Iowa row crops. Although crops continue to be rated mostly good to excellent, crop conditions declined slightly for the third straight week. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared to 5.2 days the previous week. Topsoil moisture levels dropped to 26% very short, 40% short, 34% adequate, and 0% surplus. South Central Iowa is the driest with 97% of the topsoil moisture rated short to very short. Subsoil moisture also decreased and is now rated 20% very short, 39% short, 41% adequate, and 0% surplus. There are scattered reports of corn silking, primarily in the eastern part of the state. Corn condition is reported at 2% very poor, 6% poor, 25% fair, 52% good, and 15% excellent. Ninety-four percent of the soybean crop has emerged, ahead of last year’s 88% and the five-year average of 84 percent. Soybean condition is rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 28% fair, 52% good, and 10% excellent.
Illinois: Statewide temperatures averaged 69.4 degrees, just 0.3 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.09 inches, 0.81 inches below the average for this time period. Topsoil moisture is rated at 26 percent very short, 52 percent short and 22 percent adequate. Due to lack of rainfall, many counties are reporting signs of stress in both corn and soybeans. Corn conditions were rated at 10 percent poor or very poor, 34 percent fair and 56 percent good to excellent. Soybeans planted now stands at 99 percent, well ahead of the 5- year average of 81 percent. Ninety-six percent of the soybean crop has emerged. Soybean conditions were rated at 12 percent poor or very poor, 38 percent fair and 50 percent good to excellent.
Nebraska: For the week ending June 10, 2012, above normal temperatures and little or no precipitation continued to stress dryland crops and lower crop and pasture condition ratings statewide, according to USDA’s NASS, Nebraska Field Office. Pivot irrigation was active with gravity operations getting underway. Temperatures averaged 4 degrees above normal with triple digit highs in portions of the Southwest and 90s mainly elsewhere. Lows were in the mid to lower 50s. Little to no precipitation fell across much of the state with only isolated areas in extreme Southeastern Nebraska receiving significant amounts late Sunday night. Corn conditions rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 23% fair, 62% good, and 8% excellent, below last year’s 73% good to excellent and 78% average. Soybeans emerged were 97%, ahead of 79% last year and average. Soybean conditions rated 1% very poor, 7% poor, 28% fair, 57% good, and 7% excellent.
Missouri: Drought conditions persisted with 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. Topsoil moisture supply continued to drop to 47% very short, 40% short, and 13% adequate. Over half the state, or five districts, were over 90% short and very short for topsoil moisture. Subsoil moisture was 34% very short, 42% short, and 24% adequate. Five districts were over 70% short and very short for subsoil moisture. Corn silked was 3 percent, 17 days ahead of last year, and 8 days ahead of normal (five-year average). Corn condition was 5% very poor, 13% poor, 39% fair, 39% good, and 4% excellent. Poor growth was apparent for some corn fields due to lack of water. Soybeans planted were 93%, 16 days ahead of last year, and 23 days ahead of normal. Emergence now 75%, 9 days ahead of last year, and 15 days ahead of normal, was reported as uneven across the state. Soybean condition was 6% very poor, 21% poor, 42% fair, 28% good, and 3% excellent.
Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 65.2 degrees, 1.7 degrees below normal for the week ending Sunday, June 10, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.06 inches, 0.80 inches below normal. There were 98 modified growing degree days, 22 days below normal. Reporters rated 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, June 8, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 15 percent very short, 41 percent short, 42 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. The state continues to experience warm and dry conditions. The heat is putting significant stress on livestock, corn and soybeans. Field activities included side-dressing corn with nitrogen, spraying herbicides, and baling hay. Soybean emergence has been slow due to dry weather and some producers have replanted. Insect infestation has been a problem in alfalfa fields. As of Sunday June 10th, 95 percent of soybeans were emerged, compared to 23 percent last year and 66 percent for the five-year average. One percent of the soybean crop was blooming.
Indiana: Some portions of Indiana received very limited rainfall early in the week, but conditions grew warmer and drier throughout the week, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s NASS. Rainfall totals were minimal in central, east central and southern parts of Indiana, and virtually nonexistent elsewhere. Observers were seeing widespread corn rolling and damage to emerging soybeans by week’s end. Some growers have begun spot replanting, and others decided to wait for moisture to fall in recently harvested wheat fields before planting beans. There were 6.6 days suitable for field work during the week. Corn condition fell sharply and is now rated 49% good to excellent compared with 54% last year at this time. Ninety-four percent of the intended soybean acreage has emerged compared with 46% last year and 64% for the five-year average. Soybean condition also fell and is now rated 45% good to excellent compared with 55% last year at this time.
Minnesota: Topsoil moisture supplies declined slightly this past week as daytime high temperatures reached 90° or higher in most locations, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. As of June 10, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 85% adequate to surplus, compared with 95% the previous week. Despite above average temperatures and limited rainfall, crop conditions held relatively steady. The rain was well received in dry areas of the state, while other areas continued to dry out from excess rainfall during the month of May. Statewide, there were 5.7 days rated suitable for fieldwork. Eighty-two percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition with an average height of 14 inches. Seventy-four percent of soybeans were rated in good to excellent condition with an average height of 4 inches.
South Dakota: Crop development continues to be well ahead of averages, but the warm and very windy weather combined with lack of moisture is beginning to cause concern for producers. There were 6.0 days suitable for field work. Major activities last week included planting, weed control, caring for livestock, and haying. Warm temperatures returned to the state with much warmer than average conditions overall for early June, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Storms crossed parts of western and north central South Dakota dropping rainfall amounts greater than an inch at several places. In contrast, much of the northeast and southeast received little to no precipitation. Temperatures for the week averaged mostly in the 70s across the state. These were above average by 5° to 10°F. Topsoil moisture was rated at 61% in adequate to surplus, 37% short and 2% very short. Subsoil moisture was rated at 61% adequate to surplus, 29% short and 10% very short. Development advanced for all crops, but conditions remained relatively stable with hope for rain in the near future. Corn had an average height of 12 inches, ahead of the five year average of 6 inches. Eighty-three percent of corn has been cultivated or sprayed once. Soybeans were at 89% emerged, ahead of the five year average of 5%.