Updated: State Reports Highlight Need for Rains to Aid Midwest Crops

May 30, 2012 12:47 AM
 

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Iowa: Although recent weeks of dry weather allowed rapid planting, a lack of significant rainfall in some areas has resulted in poor soybean stands with seeds lying in dry soil. Persistent high winds through the week slowed spraying and dried out soils. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared with 6.6 days the previous week. Rainfall amounts in Northwest Iowa ranged from 1 to 4 inches for the week, leaving only 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork while farmers in the rest of the State were able to work in their fields at least 5.0 days. Topsoil moisture levels rated 15 percent very short, 36 percent short, 47 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. South central Iowa is the driest with 83 percent of the topsoil moisture rated short to very short while northwest Iowa has only 9 percent rated short to very short. Subsoil moisture rated 10 percent very short, 32 percent short, 56 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Ninety-five percent of the corn crop has emerged, 11 days ahead of normal. Corn condition has decreased slightly to 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 18 percent excellent. Soybean planting stands at 97 percent complete, ahead of last year’s 84 percent and the five-year average of 83 percent. Sixty-six percent of the expected soybean acreage has emerged, ahead of last year’s 43 percent and the five-year average of 40 percent.

Illinois: Another week of warm and dry conditions across the state provided 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Precipitation averaged 0.29 inches, 0.76 inches below normal for this time period and temperatures averaged 70.9 degrees, 5.8 degrees above normal. The main activities taking place over the past week included planting, bailing hay, and spraying herbicide. Topsoil moisture was rated as 15 percent very short, 48 percent short, 36 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Corn emerged has reached 97 percent, 25 percent above the 5-year average with an average height of 13 inches. Corn condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Soybeans planted increased 14 percent to 94 percent complete compared to 55 percent for the 5-year average. Soybeans emerged is currently at 78 percent, 50 percent above the 5-year average and soybean conditions are rated at 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 9 percent excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending May 27, 2012, weather continued to impact crops in most locations with hot, dry, and windy conditions, while storms provided some much needed moisture in portions of central and northeastern Nebraska, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Hail and tornadoes damaged crops and property in areas of the state and some replanting of spring crops will take place. Pivots were running to aid in crop germination and emergence. Planting of soybeans was nearly completed and three-fourths of the sorghum crop had been planted. Temperatures averaged near normal in the northern half of the state and 3 to7 degrees above normal in the southern half. High temperatures reached triple digits in several locations and lows of mid 30’s were recorded in the Panhandle. Heaviest levels of precipitation fell in the Central and Northeast Districts with accumulations of over 2 inches in isolated pockets. The Southeast District received little to no moisture. Corn emerged stood at 97 percent, well ahead of 71 last year and 75 average. Corn conditions rated 3 percent poor, 18 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent, above last year’s 46 percent good to excellent. Soybean planting was 96 percent complete, ahead of 75 last year and 12 days ahead of 77 average. Soybeans emerged were 73 percent, ahead of 36 last year and average.

Missouri: Unlike last year, dry weather lingered across the state with 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply continued a steep decline to 32 percent very short, 45 percent short, and 23 percent adequate. The south-central district was only 1 percent adequate, followed by the southeast district with only 10 percent adequate. All districts had crops experiencing some drought induced stress. Rain is needed in the near future to prevent crop losses. Corn emerged was 98 percent, 19 days ahead of last year, and one month ahead of normal (5-year average). The northeast reported corn replanting. Corn condition was 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Soybeans planted 81 percent, 19 days ahead of 2011, and 26 days ahead of normal. Emergence was 53 percent, 15 days ahead of last year, and 16 days ahead of normal. Northern districts struggled to emerge due to the drought. Southern districts stopped planting soybeans due to lack of moisture.

Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 71.7 degrees, 8.7 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, May 27, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.16 inches, 0.82 inches below normal. There were 149 modified growing degree days, 50 days above normal. Reporters rated 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, May 25, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 8 percent very short, 42 percent short, 46 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. The state continues to experience warm and dry conditions. The heat is beginning to put some stress on livestock, and rain is needed to improve growth in row crops. Field activities included side-dressing corn with nitrogen, spraying herbicides, installing drainage tile, and baling hay. Some soybean growers were forced to replant due to soil crusting from previous rains. As of Sunday May 27th, corn was 93 percent emerged, compared to seven percent last year and 54 percent for the five-year average. Ninety-four percent of the intended soybean crop was planted, compared to six percent last year, and 53 percent for the five-year average. Sixty-one percent of soybeans were emerged, compared to two percent last year and 27 percent for the five-year average.

Indiana: A week of unusually hot, dry weather placed stress on crops and livestock across the state, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Some areas experienced record setting heat over the weekend with temperatures in the mid 90s. Some northern counties are also experiencing the driest spring on record making emergence and growth difficult for planted crops. Re-planting has been necessary in some soybean fields because hard, crusted soils led to poor emergence and thin stands. Weed control has been a challenge because windy days have made it difficult to apply herbicides and the hot temperatures have decreased their effectiveness. Farmers continued applying nitrogen to corn acreage during the week. There were 6.8 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-six percent of corn acreage has emerged compared with 36 percent last year and 60 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition is rated 56 percent good to excellent compared with 44 percent last year at this time. Ninety-three percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 23 percent last year and 51 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 96 percent of the soybean crop has been planted in the north, 95 percent in the central region and 86 percent in the south. Seventy-nine percent of soybean acreage has emerged compared with 10 percent last year and 27 percent for the 5-year average.

Minnesota: Wet weather moved across the majority of the state this past week, bringing rainfall to most reporting stations and limiting fieldwork, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. As of May 27, rain in northwestern areas was welcomed, while the rainfall in southwestern areas saturated many fields. Rainfall amounts ranged from nearly a half inch in Canby, to 5.59 inches reported in Aitkin. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 21 percent surplus across the state, an increase from the previous week. Statewide, 3.4 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Corn was 94 percent emerged with an average height of 4 inches. Corn condition was rated 2 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 67 percent good and 17 percent excellent. Soybeans planted advanced to 94 percent and 41 percent emerged, both ahead of last year and average..

South Dakota: Continued progress was made last week with 4.5 days suitable for field work, allowing producers to near the completion of planting. Major activities last week included; planting, weed control, caring for livestock, and haying. This report was based on information from regional extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state. Storms covered various areas of the state during the week with stronger storms causing damage in a few areas including some tree damage and some flash flooding, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Temperatures were rather variable with warmer than average conditions in the southeast and colder conditions further northwest. Temperatures for the week averaged from the mid 50’s in the northwest to the upper 60’s in the southeast. The northwest area was below average by 1-3o F. The southeast areas were above average by 2-4° F. Warm daily temperatures covered most of the state with many daily highs reaching the 90’s. One location (Cottonwood - not reported here) reported the first triple digit high of the year at 101o F. The highest temperature of this set of stations was 98o F at Oelrichs, Porcupine and Philip. The lowest reported was 29o F at Custer. Heaviest precipitation totals for the week were in the southwest and east central to southeast where amounts were over an inch. Areas of northwest to north central received much less precipitation. Hot Springs reported the most for the week at 2.27 inches. Bison and Pickstown reported the least at 0.11 inch for the week. Soil temperatures cooled with late week temperatures. Nisland and Caputa had the low 4 inch soil temperature at 54o F and Oacoma was the warmest at 65o F. Topsoil moisture is rated at 78 percent in adequate to surplus, 20 percent short and 2 percent very short. Subsoil moisture is rated at 77 percent adequate to surplus, 19 percent short and 4 percent very short. Corn is 86 percent emerged with an average height of 4 inches and 45 percent has been cultivated or sprayed once. Soybeans are at 86 percent planted, with 48 percent emerged. Sorghum is at 53 percent planted, with 18 percent emerged. Sunflowers are at 30 percent planted


 

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