State Winter Wheat Crop Summaries: Another Dry, Warm Week

November 27, 2012 12:01 AM

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Kansas: Last week, Kansas producers experienced another week of warm, windy, and dry weather. Only 7 of the 53 stations recorded any precipitation by Sunday, led by Parsons with 0.20 of an inch. Temperatures ranged from a low of 16 degrees at 3 stations to a high of 79 in Atwood. Kansas producers averaged 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork, with three districts, the Northwest, West Central, and South Central reporting 7.0 days suitable. Topsoil moisture supplies declined to 42 percent very short, 34 percent short, 24 percent adequate, and none surplus; while subsoil moisture supplies were 55 percent very short, 32 percent short, 13 percent adequate, and none surplus. Ninety-seven percent of the Kansas wheat had emerged by week’s end, identical to last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average of 94 percent. The condition of the crop was 6 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 46 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 1 percent excellent

Texas: Portions of East Texas, South Texas, and the Lower Valley experienced scattered showers last week with some areas recording up to one inch of rainfall. Most other areas of the state remained dry. Winter wheat seeding was starting to wind down in most areas and oats seeding was mostly complete around the state. Most fields had emerged and livestock grazing was underway on some early-planted fields. In many areas, small grains were greatly in need of additional moisture, although irrigation was active where possible. Some fields had failed to germinate and others were showing signs of drought stress.

Oklahoma: Small grains and canola were rated in fair to poor condition with no significant moisture to aid development. Reports of fields not yet emerged or in declining condition were common. Wheat emergence was behind normal progress and only 14 percent of the crop was rated good to excellent. The continuing drought reduced the potential for small grain grazing. Livestock operators were also faced with dried up ponds, poor grasses and continued supplementation of feed. A few showers fell across Oklahoma over the past week, with a quarter inch in Broken Bow the highest total. The Drought Monitor continued to show all of Oklahoma in a moderate to exceptional drought (D1- D4) and almost 72 percent of the state was in an extreme to exceptional drought (D3-D4), as of November 20th. Both topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions continued to be rated short to very short, declining further over the past week. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Conditions for wheat and rye and canola were rated mostly fair to poor, and oats were rated mostly fair. Eighty-nine percent of the wheat crop had emerged by the end of the week, four points behind the five year average.

Nebraska: For the week ending November 25, 2012, much field work was completed with the above normal temperatures and virtually no precipitation, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Field activities included fall tillage, fertilizer and herbicide applications, and conservation work with soil temperatures averaging in the mid 40’s. Winter wheat continues being stressed by the ongoing drought, with near half of the crop in poor or very poor condition. Emergence lags average with thin and spotty stands reported. Weather Summary: Average temperatures across the state ranged from 5 degrees above normal in the Northeast to 10 degrees above normal in the Panhandle. Highs reached the mid 70’s and lows were in the teens. Statewide, little or no precipitation was recorded with only trace amounts reported in the Northwest and North Central District border counties. Winter wheat emerged was 95 percent, behind 100 percent last year and average. Wheat conditions rated 15 percent very poor, 31 poor, 40 fair, and 14 good, well below 75 percent good to excellent last year and 64 average.

Colorado: Drought conditions continued last week as Colorado experienced below average precipitation and above average temperatures. High winds were reported across the State raising concerns about the condition of the wheat crop and wind erosion. Soil moisture ratings continue to show that extremely dry conditions persist. Farmers were allowed 6.9 days in the field for operations. Winter wheat emergence reached 94 percent last week compared with 98 percent for the 5-year average. The crop was rated in mostly fair to poor condition.


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