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State Winter Wheat Crop Summaries: Crop Conditions Continue to Decline

06:17AM Nov 20, 2012

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Kansas: While parts of the Eastern Districts of the State received trace amounts of moisture, it was another relatively dry week for most of Kansas. Only thirteen of 53 stations reported receiving any precipitation last week. Pittsburg received the most at 1.37 inches and was the only station to receive over one inch. Temperatures dropped to 9 degrees at Oberlin, while high temperatures ranged from 70 degrees in Johnson to 58 degrees in Eskridge. Kansas producers averaged 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, with both the Northeastern and Southeastern Districts averaging less than 6.0 suitable working days. Topsoil moisture supplies were at 39 percent very short, 32 percent short, 28 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus, while subsoil moisture supplies were 54 percent very short, 34 percent short, 12 percent adequate, and none surplus. Ninety-five percent of the Kansas wheat had emerged by week’s end, identical to last year but ahead of the 5-year average of 91 percent. The condition of the crop was 6 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 46 percent fair, 29 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.

Texas: Dry weather conditions prevailed across much of the state last week. Portions of East and South Texas and the Trans-Pecos received scattered showers with isolated areas receiving up to 1.5 inches. Other areas received little or no precipitation. Seeding of winter wheat continued throughout the state last week, following row crop harvest, while oats seeding was wrapping up in most areas. Dry weather was negatively impacting recently-emerged small grains and rainfall was needed to sustain crop development. Some fields were showing signs of drought stress while others exhibited moderate growth despite dry conditions.

Oklahoma: Almost no moisture fell across Oklahoma the past week, with no Mesonet station recording over a tenth of an inch of rain. Moisture from the previous week’s rain improved wheat in limited areas, but overall wheat conditions declined slightly. Both wheat and rye were rated mostly fair to poor and canola was rated mostly fair. Moisture was badly needed throughout the state as the drought continued. The entire state was in a moderate to exceptional drought (D1- D4) and almost 72 percent of the state is in an extreme to exceptional drought (D3-D4) as of the November 13th Drought Monitor. Harvest of sorghum was virtually complete by the end of the week and harvest of cotton, peanuts and soybeans was winding down. Both topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions continued to be rated short to very short. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Small Grains: Condition ratings for small grains continued to worsen. Eighty-six percent of the wheat crop had emerged by the end of the week. Oat seedbed preparation was 86 percent complete and 47 percent had been planted. Forty-one percent of oats had emerged by Sunday, 12 points behind normal.

Nebraska: For the week ending November 18, 2012, above normal temperatures with virtually no precipitation combined for a mild week that was good for field work, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. The state continues in extreme drought with soil moisture profiles depleted. During the past 60 days, the western two-thirds of the state received less than one inch of precipitation. Statewide, the topsoil moisture rating is the lowest for this time of year since 1999. Due to short soil moisture supplies, winter wheat emergence continues behind average with thin and spotty stands reported. The winter wheat crop rated only 17 percent in good condition which is the poorest rating since 1990. Producers in western counties continue trying to harvest remaining corn acres that were downed by high winds last month. Other field activities included fall tillage and fertilizer applications. Soil temperatures averaged in the mid 40’s except for a few southwestern counties where soil temperatures were in the low 50’s. Weather Summary: Statewide, little or no precipitation was recorded with only trace amounts reported in the Panhandle. Average temperatures across the state ranged from 1 to 4 degrees above normal. Highs reached the mid 60’s and lows were mainly in the teens but dropped to single digits in the Panhandle. Winter wheat emerged was 92 percent, behind 100 percent last year and average. Wheat conditions rated 13 percent very poor, 27 poor, 43 fair, and 17 good, well below 78 percent good to excellent last year and 65 average

Colorado: Colorado experienced below average precipitation and below average temperatures last week. High winds were reported impacting the harvest of the few remaining crops. Soil moisture ratings continue to show that extremely dry conditions persist. Farmers were allowed 6.7 days in the field for operations. Winter wheat emergence reached 91 percent last week compared with 97 percent for the 5-year average. The crop ranged from mostly poor to good condition.