State Winter Wheat Crop Summaries: Emergence Slow

October 23, 2012 01:06 AM

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Kansas: Continued dry, windy, and warm weather last week provided Kansas farmers the opportunity to start wrapping up wheat planting and to proceed with soybean and sorghum harvest. Twelve out of 53 stations reported receiving moisture with Horton leading the State with 0.14 of an inch. High temperatures ranged from 88 degrees in Ashland to 75 degrees in Baileyville, while lows ranged from 29 degrees in Oberlin to 43 degrees in Newton. Kansas producers averaged 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork, with only the North Central, Central and Southeast Districts averaging less than 6 suitable working days. Topsoil moisture supplies were at 35 percent very short, 30 percent short, 35 percent adequate, and none surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were at 51 percent very short, 33 percent short, 16 percent adequate, and none surplus. Kansas farmers seeded 10 percent of the State’s wheat acreage last week to reach 91 percent complete by Sunday, ahead of 90 percent for last year and 84 percent for the 5-year average. More than 85 percent of the crop in the western two-thirds of Kansas is now planted. Sixty-two percent of the State’s wheat had emerged by week’s end, behind last year at 66 percent but slightly ahead of the 5-year average of 61 percent. The condition of the Kansas wheat crop was 2 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 49 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 2 percent excellent..

Texas: Much of the state received rainfall last week. Large portions of Southeast Texas and the Upper Coast recorded up to one inch of precipitation for the week while other areas observed scattered showers. Winter wheat and oats seeding was in full swing around the state. Some producers were watering recently established fields while others benefited from timely rains. Emerging small grains were generally making good growth and livestock were grazing on some fields. Armyworm pressure was reported in areas of North and Central Texas, prompting producers to scout fields.

Oklahoma: As planting of small grains continued, little moisture was available. Warm and windy conditions dried up moisture from the previous week. Wind gusts of 50 miles per hour or higher were recorded at Mesonet locations across north central Oklahoma on Thursday afternoon. The resulting dust storm blew away topsoil and closed I-35 for several hours. Almost no rain was recorded in Oklahoma this past week and precipitation for the period since September 1st was below normal in all districts. Notably, the North Central district has received only half of the normal moisture during this period. As of the October 18th Drought Monitor, two thirds of the state was still in an extreme or exceptional drought, with virtually all of the North Central district designated as exceptional, or D-4 drought. Topsoil moisture conditions declined from the week prior, with 69 percent rated poor to very poor. Subsoil moisture rated as adequate was unchanged, however the portion rated as very short increased to 54 percent. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Small Grains: Planting was winding down as much of the fall crop was emerging significantly ahead of last year’s progress. Wheat planting was 86 percent complete by the end of the week, seven points ahead of normal progress, and 59 percent of the crop had emerged.

Nebraska: For the week ending October 21, 2012, high winds caused lodging in unharvested corn and soybean fields and slowed field activities at midweek, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Fire danger was high due to the dry, windy conditions with losses reported to structures, crops, and machinery in western counties. Increased field losses were also reported due to the high winds. Winter wheat seeding, at 97 percent, was also near completion. Emergence of the winter wheat crop has been slow and stands at 58 percent, over two weeks behind average. Temperatures averaged 2 to 5 degrees above normal across the state. Highs reached the low 80’s and lows dipped into the upper 20’s. Precipitation was received mainly in the eastern border counties of the state with highest amounts recorded in the Northeast District. Some isolated pockets received near 1 inch of moisture.Winter wheat seeded was at 97 percent, near 98 percent last year and average. Winter wheat emerged was 58 percent, well behind 91 percent last year and 87 average due to dry soils.

Colorado: Colorado received little to no precipitation last week continuing the dry conditions. High winds were reported in the eastern part of the State causing some crop damage. Temperatures were average last week. Farmers were allowed 6.7 days in the field for operations. Planting of winter wheat wrapped up last week with 99 percent of the acreage planted. Emergence continued behind the average reaching 66 percent last week compared with 82 percent for the 5-year average. The crop was rated in mostly fair to good condition.


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