State Winter Wheat Crop Summaries: November Off to Dry Start

November 6, 2012 12:03 AM

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Kansas: Continued dry conditions last week allowed Kansas producers to wrap up wheat seeding and corn harvest. They also took advantage of the weather to make good progress harvesting the other row crops. No stations reported precipitation last week. High temperatures ranged from 89 degrees in Winfield to 65 degrees in Baileyville, while lows ranged from 19 degrees in Ashland to 37 degrees in Newton. Average temperatures were above normal in the western two thirds of the State and below normal in the eastern third. Kansas producers averaged 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork, with only the Northeastern and Southeastern Districts averaging less than 6.8 suitable working days. Topsoil moisture supplies were at 39 percent very short, 34 percent short, 27 percent adequate, and none surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were at 53 percent very short, 34 percent short, 13 percent adequate, and none surplus. Moisture is still needed throughout the State to establish the 2013 wheat crop and replenish ponds for livestock.

Kansas farmers have nearly completed wheat seeding as 98 percent of the crop had been planted by Sunday, the same as last year but ahead of 94 percent for the 5-year average. Eighty-seven percent of the wheat had emerged by week’s end, ahead of last year at 85 percent and the 5-year average of 80 percent. The condition of the crop was 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 50 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.

Texas: Some areas of Texas received rainfall last week, while others remained dry. Central and southeastern portions of the state recorded up to 1.5 inches for the week. Other areas experienced scattered showers, with large portions of the Plains, North Texas, and South Texas receiving little or no precipitation. Small Grains: In most areas, winter wheat and oats were off to a good start but were in need of rainfall to sustain growth. Irrigation was active in some areas while dry land acres were beginning to show signs of stress. Small grain seeding continued around the state but slowed in some areas due to dry conditions.

Oklahoma: A very dry October ended and November began the same way. Only three out of 116 Mesonet sites recorded measurable rainfall for the week, and none recorded a quarter of an inch. According to OCS Mesonet, it has been as many as 52 days since parts of the state have seen a quarter of an inch of rain in one day. Cherokee and May Ranch in north central Oklahoma have gone the longest without significant rainfall, and the North Central district has seen only 39 percent of normal precipitation since September 1st. The drought persisted across the entire state, and resulted in the decline of small grain and canola conditions. Almost half of wheat was rated in fair condition, and another 30 percent was rated poor to very poor. Twenty-four percent of canola was rated poor to very poor, compared to only eight percent the previous week. After a freeze the week previous, this past week warmed up and new record highs were set in Oklahoma City and McAlester for November 2nd. The combination of warm and dry weather was taking a toll on grasses as well as the small grains planted early for winter pasture. Topsoil moisture conditions continued to decline from the week prior, with 88 percent rated short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions rated short to very short also increased to represent 94 percent of the state. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. As more of the small grain crops emerged, wheat conditions were rated mostly fair to poor and rye mostly fair. Wheat planting was 96 percent complete by the end of the week and 78 percent of the crop had emerged. Oat seedbed preparation was 81 percent complete and 47 percent was planted by week’s end. Thirty-nine percent of oats had emerged, just behind normal.

Nebraska: Winter wheat conditions declined as emergence of the winter wheat crop has been slow and poor in some areas and now stands at 83 percent, well behind average. Soil temperatures averaged below 50 for most of the state except for some southern border counties. Average temperatures varied widely across the state from 2 degrees below normal in the east to 7 degrees above normal in the Panhandle. Highs ranged from lower 60’s to upper 70’s and lows dipped into the mid 20’s. No precipitation was reported by recording stations. Winter wheat emerged was 83 percent, well behind 99 percent last year and 98 average due to dry soils. Wheat conditions rated 19 percent very poor, 30 poor, 38 fair, 12 good, and 1 excellent, well below 78 percent good to excellent last year and 69 average.

Colorado: Colorado received some scattered snow showers along the North Eastern Plains last week but the majority of the State received no precipitation. Dry conditions were encouraged by higher than average temperatures. Soil moisture ratings continue to show that extremely dry conditions persist. Farmers were allowed 6.8 days in the field for operations. Winter wheat emergence was behind the average reaching 85 percent last week compared with 95 percent for the 5-year average. The crop was rated in mostly fair to good condition.


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