State Winter Wheat Crop Summaries: Scattered Rains Help Some Areas

November 14, 2012 12:15 AM

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Kansas: Scattered showers and cooler temperatures were found throughout parts of the State, towards the end of last week. Thirteen of 53 stations reported receiving over 1.0 inch of precipitation, with Holton receiving the most at 1.61 inches. Temperatures dipped down into the teens in areas of the State, with Colby reaching a low of 16 degrees. High temperatures ranged from 86 degrees in Ashland to 69 degrees in Oberlin. Kansas producers averaged 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork, with only the Northeastern District averaging less than 6.0 suitable working days. Topsoil moisture supplies were at 38 percent very short, 34 percent short, 26 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were at 53 percent very short, 33 percent short, 14 percent adequate, and none surplus. Ninety-two percent of the Kansas wheat had emerged by week’s end, identical to last year but ahead of the 5-year average of 87 percent. The condition of the crop was 4 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 46 percent fair, 32 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.

Texas: Northern and Eastern portions of the state received rainfall last week with parts of Northeast Texas recording up to two inches for the week. Other areas experienced scattered showers. Most areas of Central and West Texas received little or no precipitation. Winter wheat and oats seeding progressed last week. Low soil moisture delayed seeding activities in some areas and left producers in need of rainfall to complete the seeding process. Heat and lack of moisture also impeded the germination and growth of some dry land wheat in the Low Plains and North Texas. However some early-planted wheat had already reached grazing stage.

Oklahoma: A cold front and general rain came through the state over the weekend, bringing a statewide average of half an inch of rainfall. The Panhandle received almost no rainfall while the Northeast district received almost an inch on average. Wind gusts ahead of the front on Saturday were recorded by Mesonet as high as 67 mph in Kenton and over 60 mph throughout the Panhandle and northwest Oklahoma. Sustained winds over 45 mph and as high as 50 mph in Kenton were recorded as well. The wind and abnormally warm temperatures continued to affect the small grains and canola trying to emerge. Overall, crop conditions continued to fall and much more rainfall was needed to reverse that trend. The condition of small grains has dampened producer’s hopes for winter grazing. Stock pond levels remain low and hay production made very little progress. Both topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions continued to be rated poor to very poor. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Conditions of small grains continued to drop and both wheat and rye were rated mostly fair to poor. Wheat planting was virtually complete by the end of the week and 82 percent of the crop had emerged.

Nebraska: For the week ending November 11, 2012, light precipitation fell in the form of rain across the eastern third of the State and as snow in Panhandle areas. However, moisture accumulations were often less than .25 inch with many southwestern and south central counties largely missed, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Winter wheat conditions showed some improvement but emergence continued behind average due to short soil moisture supplies. Soil temperatures averaged in the upper 40’s except for a few southwestern counties where soil temperatures were in the low 50’s. Average temperatures varied widely across the state from 5 degrees above normal in the Southeast to 3 degrees below normal in north central counties. Highs ranged from the upper 70’s in the southern half of the state to lows near zero in the Panhandle. Winter wheat emerged was 91 percent, behind 100 percent last year and 99 average. Wheat conditions rated 14 percent very poor, 28 poor, 43 fair, 14 good, and 1 excellent, well below 77 percent good to excellent last year and 68 average.

Colorado: Colorado received some snow last week but the coverage was limited. The majority of the State received no precipitation. Dry conditions were encouraged by higher than average temperatures generating concern for the condition of the winter wheat crop. Soil moisture ratings continue to show that extremely dry conditions persist. Farmers were allowed 6.0 days in the field for operations. Winter wheat emergence reached 90 percent last week compared with 96 percent for the 5-year average. The crop ranged from poor to good condition.


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