Trace Amounts of Melamine Found in U.S. Infant Formula Product

November 26, 2008 08:09 AM
The Associated Press reported today that trace amounts of melamine have been found in one U.S. brand of infant formula, Mead Johnson's Infant Formula, Enfamil LIPIL with Iron.

The reported levels of melamine in two tests were 0.137 and 0.14 parts per million. The problem is that there is no established exposure level for infant formula. But the Food and Drug Administration says the exposure level for pediatric medical food and other food products is 2.5 ppm, or 18 times higher than the test levels.

The concentrations of melamine found in Chinese infant formula was 2,500 ppm, nearly 18,000 times higher than those detected by FDA in Enfamil test.  
FDA officials say the levels in Enfamil were the result of the manufacturing process, not intentional adulteration. Melamine is used in plastic food packaging and in some cleaning solutions. So minute amounts can end up in the food product itself.
According to FDA, the melamine in a few U.S. manufactured products was detected at "extremely low levels” and is not a concern from a health standpoint, says David Pelzer, spokesperson for Dairy Management, Inc. It's important to emphasize that, to date, there is no evidence that any milk or dairy ingredient in the U.S. contains melamine.

U.S. dairy consumers can guarantee their family's dairy products meet U.S. standards by looking for the ‘Grade A' mark on the package, he says. Information on U.S. infant formula safety standards is posted at: and information on general dairy safety standards is at:

For the complete AP report, go to:

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