Source: U.S. Meat Export Federation
U.S. pork and beef exports in May exceeded year-ago levels by a considerable margin and kept year-to-date results on a very strong pace, according to statistics released by USDA and compiled by the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF).
Pork exports totaled 181,469 metric tons valued at $481.2 million, an 11 percent jump in volume and 15 percent in value over May 2010 levels. Volume was steady with the April 2011 results, while value declined by about 1 percent. Year-to-date through May, pork exports were up 16 percent in volume (916,763 metric tons) and 22 percent in value ($2.35 billion) over 2010, and results were 11 percent higher in volume and 26 percent higher in value than the all-time record pace set in 2008. Exports equated to 28.7 percent of total U.S. production with a per-head value of $56.81 compared to 27.9 percent and $53.10 per head in May 2010.
May beef exports were 21 percent higher in volume (109,741 metric tons) and 30 percent higher in value ($453.9 million) than a year ago. It was the second-strongest month of 2011 in terms of both volume and value, trailing only the all-time record results posted in March. Year-to-date through May, beef exports reached 509,489 metric tons valued at $2.09 billion – surpassing last year’s pace by 28 percent in volume and 44 percent in value. Exports equated to 14.8 percent of total U.S. production with a value of $205.07 per head of fed slaughter. This compares to 12.6 percent and $160.30 per head in May 2010.
North Asian markets remain red hot for U.S. pork
Pork exports continued to post exceptional results in Japan, South Korea and China. Exports to Japan are coming off a record-setting value year in 2010, yet export value through May is up 18 percent to $790.6 million. Exports to Korea, which has been making concerted efforts to accommodate more imported pork in order to stabilize rising pork prices, have more than doubled in volume (113,565 metric tons, up 168 percent) and tripled in value ($275.4 million, up 213 percent) over last year’s pace. In fact, exports to Korea have already exceeded the totals achieved in the entire calendar year of 2010. Access to China was limited in the early months of 2010, but this year exports are comparable in volume (99,405 metric tons) to the record pace of 2008, while delivering a value of $152 million.
Pork exports to Mexico had slowed in April but rebounded strongly in May, easily exceeding last year’s totals in terms of both volume and value. For the year, Mexico is now just 2 percent below last year’s record pace in volume (220,130 metric tons) and 2 percent higher in value ($408.8 million). Pork shoulder and ham exports to Mexico should gain a further boost in the summer months, based on a 50 percent reduction in retaliatory duties announced last week as part of the settlement of the U.S.-Mexico trucking dispute.
Other market highlights for U.S. pork include:
- Exports to Canada continue to perform well, running 9 percent higher in volume (80,335 metric tons) and 12 percent higher in value ($275.4 million) compared to last year. Canada is this year’s fifth-largest volume market for U.S. pork but is essentially even with Korea as the No. 3 value market.
- The Oceania region has developed into a very solid market for U.S. pork, with exports climbing 16 percent in volume (31,700 metric tons) and 52 percent in value ($100.9 million). Australia accounts for most of the export activity in this region, but exports to New Zealand are also expanding.
- Exports to Chile, which is widely regarded as a growing force in terms of its own global pork exports, nearly tripled in volume to 7,810 metric tons and jumped 156 percent in value to $17.4 million. Exports to the Central/South America region are up 17 percent in volume (29.541 metric tons) and 30 percent in value ($73.3 million).
“Our key Asian destinations continue to perform remarkably well for U.S. pork, and we are extremely proud of the groundwork that was laid in these markets over the years,” said USMEF President and CEO Philip Seng. “It’s only through hard work and careful investment of resources that we have been able to capitalize on some very favorable market conditions in which the need for imported pork is quite high in Japan, Korea and China. Buyers in these countries know the quality and consistency U.S. pork delivers because we have cultivated that reputation and relationship for many, many years.”
Seng also noted that increased investment by the National Pork Board of Pork Checkoff dollars for USMEF’s pork marketing programs in South Korea has been an important element in helping to maintain positive momentum for U.S. pork, despite considerable market access challenges.
“Some pork cuts are currently enjoying tariff relief in Korea due to short domestic supplies, and our success there confirms just how much we are held back by tariffs and other trade barriers,” he said. “We’re also pleased to have the retaliatory tariffs in Mexico being phased down, and we look forward to potential tariff reductions in other markets such as Colombia and Panama, through pending free trade agreements. Progress on these issues cannot come soon enough.”
Beef exports to Korea cool off, but global results extremely strong
After several consecutive months of remarkable results, beef exports to South Korea experienced an expected correction in May. Export volume in May (10,455 metric tons) was about even with last year while export value ($46.6 million) fell by about 8 percent. For the year, however, beef exports to Korea have still more than doubled the 2010 pace in terms of both volume (76,209 metric tons) and value ($330.6 million).
In terms of 2011 beef export value, Japan ($327.5 million) pulled nearly even with Korea for the No. 3 position behind Mexico and Canada. Export value to Japan is running 69 percent ahead of last year’s pace while export volume (59,672 metric tons) is 63 percent higher. Canada posted its best month of the year by far in May, with a total of 16,899 metric tons valued at more than $95 million. For the year, exports to Canada are up 16 percent in volume (69,224 metric tons) and 39 percent in value ($367.3 million).
Other market highlights for U.S. beef include:
- Mexico remains the leading destination for U.S. beef in terms of both volume (103,808 metric tons) and value ($392.1 million) – increases of 8 percent and 26 percent, respectively, over 2010.
- Fueled by strong growth in Egypt, exports to the Middle East region have increased 44 percent in volume (64,712 metric tons) and 60 percent in value ($125.8 million).
- Despite still being limited to boneless muscle cuts only, exports to Hong Kong have more than doubled last year’s pace in terms of both volume (23,078 metric tons) and value ($100.6 million).
- Strong growth in Peru, Guatemala and Chile pushed exports to the Central/South America region 50 percent higher in volume (10,398 metric tons) and 80 percent higher in value ($29.4 million).
In Taiwan, where a dispute over ractopamine residues has impeded growth of U.S. beef exports, May volume (13,399 metric tons) was down 5 percent compared to last year while export value was up slightly to $73.3 million.
“We continue to overcome market access challenges in many key markets and achieve strong growth in U.S. beef exports,” Seng said. “But whether it’s the 20-month age limit in Japan, product restrictions in Hong Kong and Mexico, the impasse over residues in Taiwan or the total lack of access to China – we simply have to stop leaving money on the table. Our export success in spite of those barriers tells me that the partnerships we are fortifying and the image campaigns we are conducting are working, yet I know these totals could be soaring even higher with better market access.”
As for the slower results in Korea, Seng was not alarmed.
“USMEF is still quite bullish on Korea as demand for U.S. beef is very strong,” he said. “We were exporting beef to Korea at such a strong pace that it was not really sustainable, so we anticipated a correction based on importer inventories. However, we are working closely with importers, retailers and food service outlets to ensure a strong performance in the second half of the year.”
Lamb exports climbing higher after slow start in 2011
After getting off to a sluggish start this year, U.S. lamb exports continued to gain strength in May. Led by Mexico, Canada and the Caribbean, May exports nearly tripled last year’s total in terms of volume (1,813 metric tons) and jumped about 150 percent in value ($2.8 million). For the year, exports totaled 7,925 metric tons valued at $12.7 million – increases of 58 percent and 23 percent, respectively, over the first five months of 2010.