USDA 2014 Prospective Plantings Report -- Text Highlights

March 31, 2014 06:20 AM
 

 

 

Corn Planted Acreage Down 4 Percent from 2013
Soybean Acreage Up 6 Percent
All Wheat Acreage Down 1 Percent
All Cotton Acreage Up 7 Percent

Corn planted area for all purposes in 2014 is estimated at 91.7 million acres, down 4 percent from last year. If realized, this will represent the lowest planted acreage in the United States since 2010; however, this will represent the fifth largest corn acreage in the United States since 1944.

Soybean planted area for 2014 is estimated at a record high 81.5 million acres, up 6 percent from last year. Compared with last year, planted acreage intentions are up or unchanged across all States with the exception of Missouri and Oklahoma.

All wheat planted area for 2014 is estimated at 55.8 million acres, down 1 percent from 2013. The 2014 winter wheat planted area, at 42.0 million acres, is down 3 percent from last year but up slightly from the previous estimate. Of this total, about 30.2 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 8.43 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.35 million acres are White Winter. Area planted to other spring wheat for 2014 is expected to total 12.0 million acres, up 4 percent from 2013. Of this total, about 11.3 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat. The intended Durum planted area for 2014 is estimated at 1.80 million acres, up 22 percent from the previous year.

All cotton planted area for 2014 is expected to total 11.1 m illion acres, 7 percent above last year. Upland area is expected to total 10.9 million acres, up 7 percent from 2013. American Pima area is expected to total 158,000 acres, down 21 percent from 2013.


Additional USDA Crop Comments...

Corn: Growers intend to plant 91.7 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2014, down 4 percent from last year and down 6 percent from 2012. If realized, this will represent the lowest planted acreage in the United States since 2010; however, this will represent the fifth largest corn acreage in the United States since 1944. Expected returns for corn are anticipated to be lower in 2014 compared with recent years.

Colorado, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, and Utah are expected to increase planted acreage from last year. If realized, planted acres in Idaho would be a record high.

Soybean planted area for 2014 is estimated at a record high 81.5 million acres, up 6 percent from last year. Compared with last year, planted acreage intentions are up or unchanged across all States with the exception of Missouri and Oklahoma. The largest increase is expected in North Dakota where farmers intend to plant a record high 5.65 million acres, an increase of one million acres from 2013. Compared with last year, large increases in planted area are also expected in Minnesota and Nebraska. If realized, the planted area in Nebraska, New York, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, and Wisconsin will also be the largest on record.

Winter wheat: The 2014 winter wheat planted area is estimated at 42.0 million acres, down 3 percent from 2013 but up slightly from the Winter Wheat Seedings report. States with notable acreage increases from the previous estimate were Kansas, North Dakota, and Tennessee. Of the total acreage, about 30.2 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 8.43 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.35 million acres are White Winter. Record high acreage was planted in North Dakota. During the winter months, winter wheat conditions declined in the Great Plains due to adverse weather conditions and exposure to bitter cold due to lack of snow cover in some areas.

Durum wheat: Area seeded to Durum wheat for 2014 is expected to total 1.80 million acres, up 22 percent from 2013. Large planted acreage increases are expected in Montana and North Dakota. If realized, planted acres will be a record low in South Dakota.

Other spring wheat: Growers intend to plant 12.0 million acres in 2014, up 4 percent from 2013. Of the total, about 11.3 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat. The largest acreage increases from the previous year are expected in North Dakota and Washington. If realized, planted acres will be a record low in Colorado.

Cotton: Growers intend to plant 11.1 million acres in 2014, up 7 percent from last year. Upland area is expected to total 10.9 million acres, up 7 percent from 2013. American Pima area is expected to total 158,000 acres, down 21 percent from 2013. As of March 23, cotton planting in Texas was 3 percent complete, identical to the same time last year but 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average.

Hay: Producers intend to harvest 58.3 million acres of all hay in 2014, up slightly from 2013. Hay acreage is expected to decrease across the northern and central Great Plains and the Great Lakes regions. Record high acreage is expected in Florida, Oklahoma, and Texas. Record low acreage is expected in Iowa, Michigan, Nebraska, and New Hampshire.


 

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