USDA Annual Crop Production Summary

January 11, 2010 06:00 PM
 

AgWeb.com Editors

U.S. corn for grain production is estimated at a record 13.2 billion bushels, up 2 percent from the November 1 forecast, and 1 percent above the previous record of 13.0 billion bushels set in 2007. U.S. grain yield is also estimated at a record level for 2009, at 165.2 bushels per acre. This is up 2.3 bushels from the November forecast and 4.9 bushels above the previous record of 160.3 bushels per acre set in 2004.

Sorghum grain production in 2009 is estimated at 383 million bushels, up 5 percent from the November 1 forecast but 19 percent below 2008. Planted area is estimated at 6.63 million acres, down 20 percent from last year and is the third lowest acreage total on record. Area harvested for grain, at 5.52 million acres, is down 24 percent from 2008. Average grain yield, at 69.4 bushels per acre, is up 5.4 bushels from the previous forecast and up 4.4 bushels from last year.

Rice production in 2009 is estimated at 220 million cwt, up 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 8 percent from 2008. Planted area is estimated at 3.14 million acres, up 5 percent from 2008. Area harvested, at 3.10 million acres, is up slightly from the previous forecast and up 4 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 7,085 pounds per acre, up 47 pounds from the previous forecast and 239 pounds above the 2008 yield. 

Soybean production in 2009 totaled 3.36 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November 1 forecast and up 13 percent from 2008. U.S. production is the largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at a record high 44.0 bushels, 0.7 bushel above the November 1 forecast and 4.3 bushels above last year=s yield. Harvested area is up 2 percent from 2008 to a record 76.4 million acres.

All cotton production is estimated at 12.4 million 480-pound bales, down 2 percent from last month and down 3 percent from 2008. The U.S. yield is estimated at 774 pounds per acre, down 8 pounds from the December 1 forecast and down 39 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 7.69 million acres, is down less than 1 percent from December but up 2 percent from last year.

Click on the links to access the USDA report by crop. Scroll down to view pre-report estimates.

2009 Crop Production

 
USDA 2009 Total Production
USDA 2009 Yield
 
Percent +/- from November
Pre-Report Trade Range
(Total Production)
Average Trade Estimate
(Total Production)
Corn
13.2 bill. bu.
165.2 bu./acre
+2 percent
12.996-12.576 bill. bu.
12.82 bill. bu.
Soybeans
3.36 bill. bu.
44.0 bu./acre
+1 percent
3.42-3.22 bill. bu.
43.6 bill. bu.
Cotton
12.4 mill. bales
774 pounds/acre
-2 percent
n/a
n/a

 

 
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