USDA Quarterly Small Grains Report Text Highlights

September 28, 2012 02:53 AM
 

All wheat production totaled 2.27 billion bushels in 2012, up 13 percent from 2011. Grain area totaled 49.0 million acres, up 7 percent from the previous year. The United States yield is 46.3 bushels per acre, up 2.6 bushels from the previous year and matches the record high from 2010. The levels of production and changes from 2011 by type are winter wheat, 1.65 billion bushels, up 10 percent; other spring wheat, 542 million bushels, up 19 percent, and Durum wheat, 82.0 million bushels, up 62 percent.

Oat production is estimated at 64.0 million bushels, up 19 percent from 2011.
Yield is estimated at 61.3 bushels per acre, up 4.2 bushels from the previous
year. Harvested area, at 1.05 million acres, is 11 percent above last year.
This is the second smallest acreage harvested for grain on record.

Barley production is estimated at 220 million bushels, up 41 percent from
2011. Average yield per acre, at 67.9 bushels, is down 1.7 bushels from the
previous year. Producers seeded 3.64 million acres in 2012, up 42 percent
from last year. Harvested area, at 3.24 million acres, is up 45 percent from
2011. These represent the first increases in seeded and harvested area since
2008.

Crop Comments

Oats: The 2012 production is estimated at 64.0 million bushels, 4 percent
below the August 1 forecast and up 19 percent from last year. Yield is
estimated at 61.3 bushels per acre, up 0.3 bushel from the last forecast and
up 4.2 bushels from the previous year. Area planted to oats is estimated at
2.76 million acres, up 1 percent from the previous estimate and up 11 percent
from 2011. Harvested area is estimated at 1.05 million acres, down 4 percent
from August 1 but up 11 percent from last year.

Favorable growing conditions in the Dakotas, Minnesota, and Texas promoted
significant yield increases compared with 2011. Drought conditions in the
Mountain West and Southeast regions led to a large decline in yield from last
year.

During early spring, planting and emergence of the oat crop was ahead the
normal pace. By April 22, growers had planted 82 percent of their acreage,
25 percentage points ahead of normal, and emergence was 58 percent complete,
17 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Planting was 97 percent
complete, 11 percentage points ahead of the average by May 13 and 88 percent
of the crop was emerged, 20 percentage points ahead of the normal pace.
Through June, crop development remained ahead of normal in most major
oat-producing States. As of June 24, ninety-one percent of the oat acreage
was headed, 24 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

At the end of July, 73 percent of the oat acreage was harvested,
39 percentage points ahead the normal pace. By August 19, ninety-eight
percent of the oat acreage was harvested, 18 percentage points ahead of the
five-year average.

Barley: Production is estimated at 220 million bushels, down less than
1 percent from the August 1 forecast but up 41 percent from 2011. Average
yield per acre, at 67.9 bushels, is up 0.3 bushel from the August 1 forecast
but down 1.7 bushels from the previous year. Producers seeded 3.64 million
acres in 2012, up 42 percent from last year. Harvested area, at 3.24 million
acres, is down 1 percent from the previous forecast but up 45 percent from
2011. These represent the first increases in seeded and harvested area since
2008, and reflect a strong rebound in barley acreage in North Dakota
following problems seeding during 2011.

As April began, barley producers across much of the country were busy seeding
this year's crop, with progress advancing ahead of the normal pace in most
States. Conversely, cool spring temperatures coupled with excessively wet
fields in Washington limited fieldwork. Emergence was underway by April 15.
Sunny skies and adequate soil moisture levels promoted one of the quickest
seeding paces on record. By May 20, ninety-eight percent of the Nation's
barley crop was in the ground, 17 percentage points ahead of the 5-year
average. With the exception of Washington, emergence in the five major
estimating States neared completion toward the end of May. Head development
was evident in most States in early-June, and continued to progress rapidly
in most locations as warmer than normal temperatures boosted crop growth
throughout the month. By July 1, heading had advanced to 61 percent complete,
52 percentage points ahead of last year and 28 percentage points ahead of the
5-year average. Hot, mostly dry weather during July in Idaho, Montana, and
North Dakota - the three largest barley-producing States - dried out soils
and negatively affected the developing crop. As above average temperatures
quickly matured this year's barley crop, harvest was underway in Minnesota
and North Dakota by July 8. Nationally, 14 percent of the barley crop was
harvested by July 29, well ahead of both last year and the average pace.
Favorable weather conditions throughout August provided ample time for
fieldwork across the Northern Tier. In Idaho, harvest was complete in lower
elevation fields by August 26. Nationwide, 95 percent of this year's crop was
harvested by September 9, sixteen percentage points ahead of last year and
13 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

Winter wheat: The 2012 winter wheat production totaled 1.65 billion bushels,
down 2 percent from the August forecast but 10 percent above the previous
year. The United States yield is 47.2 bushels per acre, down 0.8 bushel from
August but up 1.0 bushel from 2011. The United States yield is the second
highest on record, 0.6 bushel below 1999. Area harvested for grain is
estimated at 34.8 million acres, down 1 percent from August but up 8 percent
from the previous year.

Planted and harvested acres were up from 2011 in most of the major Hard Red
Winter (HRW) growing States. Particularly large acreage increases were
experienced in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas where dry conditions had limited
2011 planted acres. Record high planted acres were experienced in North
Dakota while record low acres were seeded in Nebraska and Ohio. Nationally,
HRW production totaled 1.00 million bushels, up 29 percent from 2011. North
Dakota and California producers set record high yields.

In the Soft Red Winter (SRW) growing area, acreage increases from 2011 were
experienced in the Southeast, with North Carolina seeding the highest acres
on record for that State. Conversely, acreage decreases were seen in most
States in the Corn Belt and Northeast. Yields were down from last year in the
Southeast, where many record yields were set in 2011. Record high yields were
realized in Michigan, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. SRW production totaled
420 million bushels, down 8 percent from 2011.

White winter production totaled 222 million bushels, down 14 percent from the
previous year. Planted and harvested acreage in the Pacific Northwest (Idaho,
Oregon, and Washington) was below 2011's level. Yields were also down from
last year in all PNW States.

Other spring wheat: Production for 2012 is estimated at 542 million bushels,
up 9 percent from the August 1 forecast and up 19 percent from 2011.
Harvested area totaled 12.1 million acres, up 3 percent from August 1 but
virtually unchanged from last year. The United States yield is 45 bushels per
acre, up 2.2 bushels from the last forecast and 7.3 bushels higher than last
year. Favorable growing conditions in the Dakotas and Minnesota promoted
significant yield increases compared to 2011.

Due to dry spring conditions, planting got off to a quick start in most all
the major spring wheat-producing States. As of April 29, seventy-four percent
of the crop had been planted, 42 percentage points ahead of the 5-year
average. Crop maturation continued ahead of normal throughout the growing
season for all States. As a result, harvest progress was well ahead of the
5-year average. By September 2, ninety-five percent of the crop had been
harvested, 23 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

Durum wheat: Production for 2012 is estimated at 82.0 million bushels, down
5 percent from the August 1 forecast but up 62 percent from 2011. Grain area
harvested is 2.10 million acres, down 1 percent from August but up 60 percent
from the previous year. The United States yield is 39.0 bushels per acre,
down 1.5 bushels from the last forecast but up 0.5 bushels from 2011 and the
fourth highest yield on record.

The crop progressed ahead of normal due to the above normal temperatures in
Montana and North Dakota throughout the growing season. Harvest was virtually
complete by September 9, in Montana and North Dakota, well ahead of average.

Rye: Production for 2012 is estimated at 6.94 million bushels. Harvested area
totaled 248,000 acres, up 6,000 acres from 2011. The United States yield, at
28.0 bushels per acre, is up 1.9 bushels from the previous year. Favorable
growing condition in the Southern Great Plains and Northern Great Plains led
to yield increase from a year earlier.

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