All wheat production totaled 2.13 billion bushels in 2013, down 6 percent from 2012. Grain area totaled 45.2 million acres, down 8 percent from the previous year. The United States yield is estimated at a record high of 47.1 bushels per acre, up 0.8 bushel from the previous year. The levels of production and changes from 2012 by type are winter wheat, 1.53 billion bushels, down 7 percent; other spring wheat, 532 million bushels, down 2 percent, and Durum wheat, 61.5 million bushels, down 26 percent.
Winter wheat: The 2013 winter wheat production totaled 1.53 billion bushels, down 7 percent from the previous year. The United States yield, at 47.4 bushels per acre, is up slightly from 2012 and represents the second highest yield on record, 0.4 bushel below 1999. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 32.4 million acres, down 7 percent from the previous year.
Planted acres were up from 2012 in most of the major Hard Red Winter (HRW) growing States. Particularly large acreage increases were experienced in Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas. Conversely, Montana and North Dakota had large decreases in planted acres from the previous year. Harvested acres were down substantially across the HRW region, with large decreases in Colorado, the Dakotas, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas. A record high yield is estimated in New Mexico. Nationally, HRW production totaled 744 million bushels, down 26 percent from 2012. Record high production is estimated in Nevada, up 17 percent from last year.
In the Soft Red Winter (SRW) growing area, planted and harvested acreage increases from 2012 were experienced throughout the region, with producers in North Carolina seeding and harvesting the largest acreage on record. Record high yields were realized in Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, New York, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee. SRW production totaled 565 million bushels, up 35 percent from 2012. Record production was recorded in Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, and Tennessee.
White winter production totaled 225 million bushels, up 2 percent from the previous year. Harvested acreage in the Pacific Northwest (Idaho, Oregon, and Washington) was below 2012's level. Yields were also down from last year in most Pacific Northwest States.
Other spring wheat: Production for 2013 is estimated at 532 million bushels, down 2 percent from 2012. Harvested area totaled 11.4 million acres, down 6 percent from last year. The United States yield is estimated at a record high 46.8 bushels per acre, up 1.8 bushels from last year.
Due to wet spring conditions, planting got off to a slow start in North Dakota and Minnesota. By April 14, producers had sown 6 percent of the Nation's spring wheat crop, 27 percentage points behind last year and 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By May 12, seeding delays of over three weeks and over two weeks were evident in Minnesota and North Dakota respectively, due to unseasonable weather conditions and limited fieldwork. Crop maturation continued behind normal throughout the growing season for all States. As a result, sixty-four percent of the spring wheat crop was harvested by September 1, twenty-nine percentage points behind last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average.
Durum wheat: Production for 2013 is estimated at 61.5 million bushels, down 26 percent from 2012. Grain area harvested totaled 1.42 million acres, down 33 percent from the previous year. The United States yield is estimated at 43.3 bushels per acre, up 4.5 bushels from 2012 and the second highest yield on record. Production in Idaho is down 15 percent from last year and represents a record low for the State.
Due to excessive moisture this season, crop development has progressed significantly behind normal in Montana and North Dakota, the two largest Durum-producing States. As a result, harvest progress in North Dakota and Montana as of September 1 was well behind last year and the 5-year average.