USDA's Joint Ag Weather Facility says in the Corn Belt, cold, mostly dry weather continues to promote corn and soybean harvest activities. "Light precipitation—rain and wet snow—is falling in a few areas, including eastern South Dakota and southern Ohio," USDA reports. Lingering topsoil moisture shortages are most pronounced in Illinois (rated 65% very short to short on Oct. 20), Iowa (54%), and Missouri (54%), according to USDA.
In the West, USDA says mild, dry weather favors fieldwork and winter wheat development. "In the Northwest, the portion of the wheat crop rated good to excellent on Oct. 20 ranged from 68% in Washington to 85% in Oregon," USDA details.
On the Plains, USDA says dry weather prevails, except for some light snow in eastern South Dakota. Harvest activities are ongoing, as well as late-season winter wheat planting, USDA adds. "On the central and southern High Plains, a temporary return to warmth favors wheat emergence and development," USDA explains. Among the Plains states, the portion of the wheat crop rated good to excellent on Oct. 20 ranged from 54% in Colorado to 75% in South Dakota, USDA elaborates.
In the South, USDA reports cool, mostly dry weather favors fieldwork, including winter wheat planting and summer crop harvesting. "Isolated showers are confined to the southern Mid-Atlantic region and Florida’s peninsula," USDA reports. Short-term dryness is resulting in topsoil moisture shortages in South Carolina (rated 59% very short to short on Oct. 20) and Georgia (48%), according to USDA.
In its outlook, USDA says during the next five days, a cold weather pattern will remain in place across the eastern half of the U.S. During the cold spell, periodic snow showers will affect areas downwind of the Great Lakes, USDA reports. Elsewhere, mid-week showers will subside along the northern Atlantic Coast and across Florida’s peninsula, while some late-week precipitation will affect the south-central U.S., USDA continues. "Warm, dry weather will continue to dominate the West," USDA adds.