Projected U.S. wheat supplies for 2012/13 are lowered 51 million bushels with reduced carryin and lower forecast winter wheat production. Beginning stocks are lowered 40 million bushels with a 10-million-bushel increase in food use and a 30-million-bushel increase in exports for 2011/12.
The increase in 2011/12 food use reflects higher-than-expected flour milling during the January-March quarter as reported by the North American Millers’ Association. Exports are increased based on the strong pace of U.S. shipments during the final weeks of the old-crop marketing year.
U.S. all wheat production for 2012/13 is projected at 2,234 million bushels, down 11 million, with lower forecast winter wheat production and small reductions in forecast durum wheat production for Arizona and California.
Winter wheat production is forecast 10 million bushels lower with reductions for Hard Red Winter (HRW) and Soft White Winter wheat. The largest production declines are in the HRW states of Nebraska and Colorado, but higher production for Oklahoma is partly offsetting.
With reduced supplies and higher expected prices, feed and residual use is lowered 10 million bushels. Ending stocks for 2012/13 are projected 41 million bushels lower. The projected range for the 2012/13 season average farm price is raised 10 cents on both ends to $5.60 to $6.80 per bushel. This remains well below the record $7.25 per bushel projected for 2011/12.
Global wheat supplies for 2012/13 are lowered 7.0 million tons with beginning stocks lowered 1.5 million tons and world production expected down 5.5 million tons. Higher 2011/12 global consumption, fueled by increased global trade, reduces carryin for 2012/13. World production for 2012/13 is lowered reflecting reduced crop prospects in several exporting countries including Russia, EU-27, Turkey, and the United States. Russia production is reduced 3.0 million tons due to a continuation of spring dryness in key winter wheat producing areas and indications of crop development problems resulting from winter freeze damage.
EU-27 production is reduced 1.0 million tons with reduced acreage in Germany, Poland, and Spain, only partly offset by higher expected yields in France and Bulgaria. Production is also lowered 1.0 million tons for Turkey as winter frost damage and disease problems reduce yields across the central growing areas on the Anatolia Plateau. Output is reduced 0.2 million tons for Syria as yield prospects decline for non-irrigated wheat in the country’s northeast.
Global wheat consumption for 2012/13 is lowered 4.6 million tons with reduced prospects for wheat feeding and food use. Wheat feeding is lowered for EU-27, Russia, and Turkey. Larger corn supplies and increased corn feeding more than offset the reduction for EU-27. Wheat food use is lowered for India, Bangladesh, and Indonesia. Increases in food use for Morocco and Turkey are partly offsetting.
Global wheat exports are reduced 1.6 million tons with a 2.0-million-ton reduction for Russia and 0.3-million-ton reductions for both Argentina and Turkey. India exports are raised 1.0 million tons as market conditions improve the competitiveness of private exports. World ending stocks for 2012/13 are projected at 185.8 million tons, down 2.4 million from last month.