What You Need To Know About The Latest China Trade Tiff

May 6, 2019 12:15 PM

Over the weekend, President Trump tweeted that he would increase tariffs on Chinese goods if a trade deal is not reached by Friday. AgDay host Clinton Griffiths caught up with Jim Wiesemeyer, ProFarmer’s policy analyst to get down to the details on what you need to know about this latest twist in trade with China.

What happened?

“President Trump threatened to invoke additional tariffs and on an expanded amount of Chinese products if there was no progress are an actual agreement announced by the weekend,” Wiesemeyer said.

Additionally, despite scheduled negotiations in D.C. this week there are reports China’s lead negotiator, Vice Premier Liu He was not on his previously booked flight to Washington. Wiesemeyer said there are some reports no trade officials boarded the plane, but that can’t be confirmed. Additionally, he added this does not mean negotiations are postponed, as they still have time to catch another flight. China had previously announced plans to send a trade delegation of more than 100 negotiators to Washington this week, a sign seen by many that both sides sought to wrap up talks.


Why is Trump contradicting his Friday comments indicating an agreement was near?

Just Friday President Trump and Treasury Secretary Mnuchin said significant progress had been made on the deal and agreement was near. Wiesemeyer said he did notice that Trade Representative Lighthizer did not comment during last week’s Beijing talks.

“Apparently Beijing wanted to go back to some of the secret text, if you will, that they had already agreed on and that didn't sit well with President Trump and probably not Lighthizer,” Wiesemeyer explained. “That signals that China wants what we would call a soft agreement. And the U.S. wants a hard agreement. So right now it's all in flux.”


Does Trump’s Friday deadline put China in a box?

“The Chinese officials even last week were moving people away from any hard deadline,” Wiesemeyer said. “Trump likes to force deadlines. And so what I read from them based on talks with China watchers that we contact, is that this forces you to make decisions and Trump knows that. Xi wants everything concluded before he will agree to any signing ceremony with President Trump. He does not want to leave any loose ends to be decided between the two, for fear that Trump will walk away.”

The Chinese culture and people would not support a move that makes President Xi look weak.


Is completing a deal a longshot now?

“Many agricultural lobbyists that I've talked with, a few farmers, lots of traders over the weekend they are all saying, ‘my goodness, we have to at least up the odds a tad that this thing could fall apart,’” Wiesemeyer said. “Now I'm not predicting that."

The deal collapsing would have major implications on the U.S. ag economy. It would also impact other trade deals the U.S. is negotiating, Wiesemeyer said adding Congress would not view a collapse of this agreement favorably.

“I think we're getting ahead of ourselves on that,” he said.


What’s the No. 1 factor to watch at this point?

Wiesemeyer is watching to see if any trade negotiators from China arrive in the U.S., if so when? Two: will their top negotiator Lou be on a plane to the U.S.?

“That will tell us a lot because initially last week they were going to send over 100 Chinese officials. That ups the odds that at least China thought that an agreement was possible,” he said. “This could be a kerfuffle in the in the long run, but right now, it's just murky with details unknown. And in the ag marketplace, any uncertainty is always, always negative.”

Watch AgDay TV Tuesday morning for a more analysis on the China trade situation.


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Spell Check

Salinas, CA
5/16/2019 01:32 PM

  FARMER AID: "As of Monday, the Trump administration has made $8.52 billion in direct payments to farmers through a 2018 aid program designed to counter losses stemming from the trade war with China, a U.S. Department of Agriculture spokesperson said." (Axios)

somewhere, MN
5/7/2019 09:26 AM

  Phil is spot on!

Lockport, IL
5/7/2019 06:47 AM

  The Chinese think that Americans are weak spined and will take any deal to make a deal, as witnessed by some of the commenters here. The last 25 years have been have confirmed to the Chinese that Americans are truly weak and will not confront an aggressor. So, to those of you who can't seem to understand what the President is doing: you are the reason that the Chinese think they will win. You are contributing to the problem, not the solution.


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