Wheat Crop Condition: HRW & SRW Condition Declines

May 6, 2013 10:35 AM


Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat crop declined by 4 points from last week to stand 103.3 points below last year at this time. Meanwhile, the CCI for the SRW wheat crop dropped by 1 point and is 3.5 points below year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat




Kansas *(36.35%)


Oklahoma (12.35%)




Texas (9.74%)




Colorado (9.19%)




Nebraska (6.52%)




HRW total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percent of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state Crop and Weather Reports:

Kansas: For the week ending May 5, 2013, producers in the eastern half of Kansas again received significant amounts of rain and some snow while the western half of the State saw only light precipitation, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office. Warmer temperatures early last week gave way to cooler temperatures at mid-week resulting in the week’s temperatures again being below normal. Producers were able to plant some corn before the rain started but cool temperatures and wet field conditions continue to slow planting progress and emergence. The cool conditions have also slowed development of the State’s wheat crop. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 14 percent very short, 19 percent short, 54 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 27 percent very short, 31 percent short, 40 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Producers averaged 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The winter wheat crop was 67 percent jointed, behind 100 percent a year ago and 90 percent average. The crop was 3 percent headed, well behind 89 percent a year ago and 3 weeks behind 32 percent average. The condition rated 19 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 24 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.

Texas: Cool and dry conditions prevailed across much of the state last week. Central and Coastal Texas received up to two inches of rain,while large portions of North Texas, the Panhandle, and the Plains received little or no precipitation. Small Grains: Winter wheat continued to suffer across much of the Plains due to dry, windy conditions combined with overnight freezes. While producers still expect to harvest some of their wheat for grain, many fields were being baled for hay. Insurance adjusters were busy evaluating fields. In East and South Texas, wheat was generally in better condition with many fields reaching the heading stage.

Oklahoma: The Panhandle experienced another significant freeze event, as did parts of southwestern Oklahoma. Snow fell in northeastern Oklahoma Thursday night into Friday, and just a trace of snow in Tulsa broke the record for the latest snowfall in that city. Below average temperatures and continued drought conditions have delayed planting of row crops, while further damaging small grains. The April 30th Drought Monitor showed continued improvements in eastern Oklahoma, while conditions in the Panhandle worsened. Topsoil moisture conditions declined slightly from the previous week but continued to be rated mostly adequate. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly short to very short with 30 percent rated adequate. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Condition ratings for all small grains declined slightly. Below normal precipitation, multiple freeze events, and hail storms have all damaged small grains in various locations. Wheat jointing was 94 percent complete by Sunday. Wheat heading was 42 percent complete by the end of the week, 41 points behind normal.

Nebraska: For the week ending May 5, 2013, warm temperatures early in the week gave way to cold, wet conditions at midweek which again limited fieldwork, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Snow was recorded in many counties at midweek Moisture accumulations, which included rain, totaled an inch or more in many eastern areas but was again limited in western counties. Temperatures were below normal for the fourth week in a row and averaged 4 to 8 degrees below normal across much of Nebraska. Soil temperatures as of Sunday were above 50 degrees in the western two thirds of the state but in the high 40’s elsewhere. Pastures continue to show little growth with many producers lacking the forage supplies to feed much longer. Fieldwork was limited with only 3.2 days considered suitable. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies rated 13 percent very short, 23 short, 60 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 42 percent very short, 42 short, 16 adequate, and 0 surplus. Wheat conditions rated 16 percent very poor, 33 poor, 39 fair, 12 good, and 0 excellent. Wheat jointed was 8 percent, well behind last year’s 84 and 3 weeks behind 46 average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat




Missouri *(7.71%)




Illinois (9.31%)




Ohio (11.31%)




Arkansas (5.65%)




Indiana (5.27%)




North Carolina (8.82%)




Michigan (11.46%)




SRW total




* denotes percent of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state Crop and Weather Reports:

Illinois: The heaviest rainfall totals over the weekend fell over the western half of the state. Just as floodwaters were receding an additional 3-4 inches were received in some locations. Statewide temperatures averaged 59.5 degrees, 2.3 degrees above normal, while the precipitation averaged 1.71 inches, 0.82 inches above normal. The warmer temperatures were beneficial but just as the soils started to dry out rains started falling again. There were a reported 2.0 days suitable for field work last week with the Northwest area having the highest reported number of days at 3.5. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 44 percent adequate, and 56 percent surplus. The driest soils were in Northern and Eastern Illinois. Subsoil moisture was rated as 3 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 25 percent surplus. Winter wheat conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 49 percent good, 19 percent excellent.

Ohio: There were four days suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending May 5 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Temperatures were significantly above normal throughout the state, which, along with low precipitation, helped dry fields to the point that many farmers were able to make some progress in planting. Due to the high amount of precipitation in previous weeks, winter wheat and pastures are looking healthy, but many reporters note that growth has been slow.

Michigan: Four days were suitable for field work in Michigan during the week ending May 5 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Warmer, drier weather prevailed last week which allowed fields to dry. Heavier soils and lower ground remained too wet to plant. Tillage and some planting was able to occur on lighter soils.





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