Wheat Crop Condition: HRW Crop Deteriorates, SRW Improves

April 8, 2013 10:00 AM



Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The CCI shows the HRW wheat crop deteriorated from last week while the SRW wheat crop improved. Both crops' ratings remain below year-ago levels.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat




Kansas *(36.35%)


Oklahoma (12.35%)




Texas (9.74%)




Colorado (9.19%)




Nebraska (6.52%)




HRW total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percent of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state Crop and Weather Reports:

Kansas: For the week ending April 7, 2013, precipitation in Kansas was limited to the south central portion of the state, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office. Temperatures were below normal across all of the state except the northwest. Farmers continued to prepare for spring planting and were able to plant a few fields of corn in eastern areas. Spring calving is nearly complete, and livestock producers continue to be concerned about stock water supplies. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 17 percent very short, 29 percent short, 51 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 38 percent very short, 39 percent short, 22 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Producers averaged 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The Kansas winter wheat crop was 22 percent jointed, behind 76 percent a year ago and 33 percent average. The condition of the crop was rated as 11 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 29 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.

Texas: Rain fell across much of the state last week, with some counties receiving in excess of four inches. Some areas, mainly the Northern Plains, the Trans-Pecos, South Texas, and the Lower Valley, however, received little to no relief from dry conditions, as windy conditions persisted to dry out soil moisture. Temperatures continued to vary widely, as cooler nighttime temperatures in the Plains, the Blacklands, and North East Texas caused concerns about potential freeze damage to crops. With last week’s rains, some areas also received severe weather, including hail and minor flooding. Small Grains: Producers assessed damage to wheat and oat crops from last week’s freeze events. Most freeze damage was limited; however, some producers in the Blacklands reported bigger losses. With warmer weather, higher insect populations were observed in wheat fields in the Northern Plains.

Oklahoma: Multiple days of rain resulted in big precipitation totals for central and southeastern Oklahoma, as high as 4.76 inches at Talihina. The state averaged 1.44 inches for the week, and every Mesonet station recorded some precipitation. Far western Oklahoma received a half inch or less and many locations in the Panhandle recorded less than a tenth of an inch for the week. This rain event followed the rain from Easter weekend, allowing for improvement to stock ponds from run-off. The rain was beneficial for replenishing soil moisture, but cooler temperatures have delayed grass and forage growth. Small grain jointing progressed, but remains significantly behind normal progress. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate, and six percent was rated surplus. Subsoil moisture conditions were still rated mostly short to very short, but had improved. Thirty-three percent of the state was rated as very short, down from 45 percent the previous week. There were only 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork, due to several days of rainfall. Condition ratings for all wheat, rye and oats continued to be rated mostly good to fair. Freeze damage from the freeze two weeks ago was reported in a few counties, but the extent of the damage remains to be seen. Wheat jointing was 59 percent complete by Sunday, 20 points behind the five-year average and 32 points behind this time last year.

Nebraska: For the week ending of April 7, 2013, above-normal temperatures across much of the state encouraged green up of winter wheat, but with soil moisture supplies short, pastures showed little growth as producers considered how to deal with declining forage supplies, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Fieldwork was limited to anhydrous applications and spring tillage operations as producers await soil temperatures to rise and soil moisture supplies to improve. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 37 percent very short, 40 short, 23 adequate, and 0 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 62 percent very short, 33 short, 5 adequate, and 0 surplus. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Wheat conditions rated 18 percent very poor, 33 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 10 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Wheat jointed was 1 percent, behind last year’s 9 percent and 2 percent average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat




Missouri *(7.71%)




Illinois (9.31%)




Ohio (11.31%)




Arkansas (5.65%)




Indiana (5.27%)




North Carolina (8.82%)




Michigan (11.46%)




SRW total




* denotes percent of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state Crop and Weather Reports:

Illinois: Cooler and drier than normal weather continued throughout the state last week with the average temperature being 3 degrees below normal. Statewide temperatures averaged 44.4 degrees. Total precipitation received across the state last week was .62 inches below normal and totaled only .04 of an inch with several areas receiving no precipitation. Days suitable for fieldwork last week across the state averaged 2.8 days with farmers busy applying anhydrous ammonia, dry fertilizers, spraying herbicides and working ground in preparation for corn planting once the soils warm up a few degrees. Topsoil moisture was rated at 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 7 percent very short, 22 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Winter wheat conditions were rated at 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 62 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated at 1 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.

Note: No other major SRW states released state weather and crop summaries yesterday. We will add details from Michigan and Ohio as they become available.





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