Winter Wheat Condition Ratings Decline

November 25, 2013 09:26 AM

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat crop declined by more than 3 points to 362.53. The condition of the SRW crop also declined by 2 points to 377.77, which is down a point from year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat




Kansas *(38.58%)

140.80 141.96

Oklahoma (13.10%)

50.69 49.90


Texas (8.35%)

25.20 26.29


Colorado (7.77%)

27.65 27.57


Nebraska (6.26%)

23.43 23.68


S. Dakota (6.08%)

23.28 23.10


Montana (10.15%)

36.22 37.85


HRW total

362.53 365.93


* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Following are details from USDA's NASS (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending Nov. 24, 2013, temperatures dropped below normal throughout most of the State by week's end, as a wintery mix of precipitation swept across most of Kansas on Thursday, according to USDA's NASS. Precipitation amounts were limited to less than a half inch, except in southeast Kansas where some totals were closer to an inch. Most of northwest Kansas stayed dry last week. The hard freeze did help dry down remaining crops before the winter storm halted harvest progress. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 22% short, 66% adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 16% very short, 27% short, 55% adequate and 2% surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 33% fair, 56% good, and 7% excellent.

Texas: Cooler temperatures continued last week and precipitation fell across the state. Many areas of the Panhandle experienced sleet and snowfall, however, high winds depleted soil moisture in areas that received no precipitation. Select areas of East Texas, South Central Texas, and the Lower Valley received 5 or more inches of rain.

Winter wheat progressed well in the Panhandle, particularly in areas that had received adequate moisture. Some producers were planting wheat behind cotton. Small grain seeding in South East Texas was slowed by wet weather.

Oklahoma: Multiple fronts brought a cold and icy weekend to western and southern Oklahoma. The southwest received the most snow, with localized reports as high as 13 inches in parts of Harmon County. The central part of the state received mostly sleet and freezing rain on Sunday, while a significant rain fell Thursday and Friday primarily in the southeast. Precipitation totals for the week will not be accurate, as the frozen precipitation needs to melt before it is recorded, and temperatures remained below freezing all day Sunday for most of the state. Temperatures were mild the first half of the week before the first cold front came through on Thursday. The ice and snow made field work difficult and slowed the progress of the cotton harvest. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 63% adequate to surplus and 37% short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 50% adequate to surplus and 50% short to very short. There were only 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork.

Operators were beginning to graze cattle on small grains. Virtually all wheat had emerged by Sunday, slightly ahead of the five-year average. Ninety percent of oat seedbed preparation was complete by Sunday, and 61% was planted. Fifty-eight percent of the oat crop had emerged by week's end, six points ahead of normal.

Nebraska: For the week ending Nov. 24, 2013, dry conditions the first half of the week allowed producers access to remaining unharvested corn and sorghum fields, according to USDA's NASS. Precipitation, mainly in the form of snow, arrived the last half of the week and was limited in eastern areas but heavier in western counties. While pockets of extreme drought exist in western counties, statewide, soil moisture supplies going into the winter months are above year ago levels. Statewide, producers had 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5% very short, 20% short, 75% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 31% short, 57% adequate and 0% surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 25% fair, 63% good and 8% excellent, well above year ago levels.


Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat




Missouri *(8.97%)

31.48 31.65


Illinois (9.91%)

38.05 38.05



35.11 35.64


Arkansas (6.45%)

23.68 23.87


Indiana (5.34%)

20.45 20.61


North Carolina (9.48%)

34.78 34.40


Michigan (9.50%)

37.25 37.72


SRW total

377.77 379.75


* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Statewide precipitation averaged 0.80 inches, 0.14 inches above normal. Temperatures averaged 34.6 degrees, 5.6 degrees below normal. There were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 3% very short, 16% short, 77% adequate, and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 9% very short, 28% short, 62% adequate, and 1% surplus. Ninety-nine percent of the winter wheat crop has emerged, compared to 93% last year and the five-year average of 91%. The winter wheat crop was rated at 1% poor, 24% fair, 65% good, and 10% excellent.

Ohio: There were four days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending Nov. 24, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Winter wheat is looking very good going into the winter. Producers are moving towards feeding hay to livestock at this point.

Michigan: There were 4 days suitable for field work in Michigan during the week ending Nov. 24, according to USDA NASS Great Lakes Region. Wheat and cover crops are faring well overall.


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Spell Check

11/26/2013 06:01 AM

  Eastern Washington, Franklin County. A lot of the farmers got their wheat up in September. Those that had trouble with the young seedling not emerging due to crusting of the top of the soil due to showers, have laid the seed in dust due to lack of moisture. There have been showers of .15" or less followed by strong winds which pulled moisture out of soil. Bottom line. Quite a lot of wheat is still lying in the dust due to lack of moisture. A good soaking rain is needed.


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