Winter Wheat Conditions Continue to Deteriorate

March 24, 2014 11:20 AM
 

 

 

According to state crop reports, the condition of the winter wheat crops across the Southern Plains declined in the latest week, with state reports noting the need for widespread precip to improve soil moisture. Below is a table that includes crop condition ratings from the respective state statisticians.

Crop condition
Very Poor
Poor
Fair
Good
Excellent
Kansas -
03/24/14
5
16
46
31
2
03/17/14
5
15
46
32
2
 
Okla. -
03/24/14
14
28
41
16
1
03/17/14
11
26
45
17
1
 
Texas -
03/24/14
18
37
34
10
1
03/17/14
19
33
35
12
1

Here are some of the key observations in the state monthly summaries:

Kansas: For the week ending March 23, 2014, dry conditions prevailed for another week with precipitation limited to a quarter of an inch or less across portions of northern Kansas, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. As a result, soil moisture supplies continued their downward trend with less than half of the state reporting adequate supplies. Windy conditions were again noted with soils blowing in portions of the western half of the state. Temperatures continued to average below normal, slowing wheat development. Corn planting was noted in some southeastern counties. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 22 percent very short, 38 short, 40 adequate, and 0 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 21 percent very short, 42 short, 37 adequate, and 0 surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 5 percent very poor, 16 poor, 46 fair, 31 good, and 2 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 3 percent, compared to 5 last year and 11 average.

Oklahoma: Only a few showers fell in Oklahoma in the past week, mainly in Southeastern district. The Southeast district received 0.82 inches of rain, which lessened drought conditions in that area. However, five of the nine districts received no measurable rainfall at all. Statewide temperatures averaged in the high 40’s to the low 50’s, ranging from 18 degrees at Burbank on Monday, March 17th to 83 degrees at Burneyville on Tuesday, March 18th. Low moisture and high winds were a major concern last week. There were wind speeds as high as 40 mph in some parts of the state. High winds kept field work to a minimum. Wind erosion and dust storms were experienced in the Panhandle and Southwest Oklahoma this past week. Significant moisture is needed across the whole state, assuredly in the Panhandle and Southwest for winter wheat development. Wildfires were reported in central Oklahoma, in both Logan County and northeast Oklahoma County, but damages were minimal. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 28 percent adequate to surplus and 72 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 20 percent adequate to surplus and 80 percent short to very short. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork on average across the state. Small Grains Small grains continue to be rated mostly fair to poor. Winter wheat jointing reached 29 percent by Sunday, 11 points behind the previous year and 19 points behind the five year average.

Texas: Warmer temperatures were reported early in the week. Windy weather brought cooler temperatures and dust storms to the Panhandle late in the week. Many Areas of the Upper Coast, and Coastal Bend received a tenth of an inch to a quarter of an inch of precipitation. Areas of the Edwards Plateau and South Central Texas observed trace amounts up to a quarter inch of precipitation. The remainder of the state received no precipitation to a half of an inch. Winter wheat in the Southern Low Plains and the Edwards Plateau continued to show signs of stress brought on by dry, windy conditions. In the Coastal Bend winter wheat was entering the boot stage.


 

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