What does Planted Acreage mean for Soybeans?

Published on: 21:36PM Jun 27, 2019

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The USDA will release the Planted Acreage report on Friday, a report that typically sets the acreage until final revision are made next January. This year may be a little less cleat cut, especially for soybeans. How much stocks should we put into this report?

In a normal year planting is wrapping up at the beginning of June. This year the weather has given farmers a very hard time getting crops in. The reality is that this has been one of the slowest, wettest, coolest planting seasons on record. As of June 3rd, we still had roughly 30 million acres of corn and a little over 50 million acres of soybeans to plant.

This is significant because this Planted Acreage report is based off a USDA survey of farmers done from May 30th to June 10th. With that many acres still yet to plant how could the USDA get a clear picture of what final acreage will be? Basically, this report has become a Planting Intentions 2.0 report.

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For soybeans in particular, it may be an inaccurate read of what the reality is. This is because when farmers are struggling at the beginning of June to get the corn crop in they may be planning to switch corn acres to soybeans or Prevent Plant or they may have held out hope to plant corn for a few more days. Then there is weather which has not allowed easy planting progress since then. Really this survey was about what farmers were still intending to plant, but the reality could be far different.

The reality is that much of what was intended to still be planted at the beginning of June may have not gotten planted. And, the later corn or soybeans are planted the bigger the risk that they will not make it before a frost. This means the much of the planted acreage might not make it to harvest anyway.

One way the USDA could handle it is by keeping the higher planted acreage number but lowering the yield to effectively lower production to more realistic levels. The problem here however is that we will not see a yield revision on this report, we will have to wait until the July 11th WASDE report for that.

If the Planted Acres are bigger than what the trade is expecting it will be interesting to see how the trade reacts. Most people that are paying attention should realize that this survey probably came too early this year to provide an accurate representation of reality. Hopefully, the market will understand the dynamics and take it with a grain of salt. That is unless, the USDA goes against their typical method and does a whole lot of analysis and adjusting of the numbers, but that might be a surprise.

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July Soybean Daily Chart:

Producers looking to hedge all or a portion of their production may be rather interested in some of the options / options-futures strategies that I am currently using.

In my mind there has to be a balance. Neither technical nor fundamental analysis alone is enough to be consistent. Please give me a call for a trade recommendation, and we can put together a trade strategy tailored to your needs. Be safe!

Ted Seifried (312) 277-0113 or tseifried@zaner.com

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