Metritis Risk Factors and Costs

February 5, 2010 05:04 AM
 
Metritis, a common reproductive disease, occurs in 10% to 30% of dairy herds. Typically diagnosed during the first 10 days in milk, metritis is associated with other transition and fresh cow challenges. Several risk factors can alert producers to look for -- and better manage -- high-risk cows for metritis, says Dr. Carlos Risco at the University of Florida:
                · Retained placenta – Failure to expel the fetal membranes within 12 to 24 hours after calving creates a likelihood of developing metritis six times more than a normal birth.
· Dystocia – Difficult calving is the leading cause of calf mortality. It increases the likelihood of a cow developing metritis by 2.1 times more when compared to a normal calving.
·  Stillbirth – A calf that is not born alive or that is lost within the first 48 hours of birth increases the chances that a cow experiences a retained placenta by 2.6 times. A stillborn calf also raises the likelihood that the dam will develop metritis by 1.5 times when compared to a live birth.
·  Twin birth – Compared to a cow that gives birth a single calf, a cow that produces twins is 3.4 times more likely to experience a retained placenta and 10.5 times more likely to have dystocia – creating an indirect link to metritis. 
 
A case of metritis is estimated to cost producers between $304 and $354 from losses in production and performance, according to research from Dr. Michael Overton, University of Georgia.
Among Overton's findings:
·   Costs from culling within the first 60 days of milk are estimated at $71 per case. Cows affected with metritis have an increased culling risk of 4.2% during the first 60 days in milk.
·   Cows diagnosed with metritis average 4.9 fewer pounds of daily milk production for the first 120 days post-calving. Total losses from all cows due to declines in milk production because of metritis are $77 per case.
·  Metritis causes a depression in fertility resulting in an increase of 18 days open and a decline in 21-day pregnancy rate of 3 to 6 percentage units. Costs associated with a decrease in fertility and reproductive performance due to metritis are estimated at $98 per case.
·  Treatment costs and associated milk withdrawal range from $58 to $108 depending on antibiotic chosen.
A 1,000-cow dairy with a typical incidence rate of 22 percent is losing $66,000 a year due to costs associated with metritis.
 
 
Back to news


Million Dollar Wildfire Relief Challenge

Click here to learn more about the Million Dollar Wildfire Relief Challenge, and see how you can help in the rebuilding effort.


 

Comments

 
Spell Check

No comments have been posted to this News Article

Corn College TV Education Series

2014_Team_Shot_with_Logo

Get nearly 8 hours of educational video with Farm Journal's top agronomists. Produced in the field and neatly organized by topic, from spring prep to post-harvest. Order now!

Markets

Market Data provided by Barchart.com
brought-by
Close