A reduced 2011/12 U.S. rice ending stocks forecast results in a tighter supply outlook for 2012/13. Beginning stocks for 2012/13 are reduced 4.5 million cwt to 29.5 million—down 39 percent from the previous year, and the lowest beginning stocks since 2004/05.
Production and imports for 2012/13 are unchanged at 183.0 million cwt and 22.0 million, respectively. On the 2012/13 use side, domestic and residual use is lowered 1.0 million cwt to 122.0 million because of an expected decline in rice used in the brewing of beer—a trend observed in recent years. Monthly data recently released by the U.S. Department of the Treasury confirm the downward trend in 2011/12. Rice used in the brewing of beer through March is down 11 percent in 2011/12. The 2012/13 export forecast is lowered 2.0 million cwt to 87.0 million because of reduced exportable supplies—all in long-grain rice. U.S. 2012/13 ending stocks are projected at 25.5 million cwt, down 1.5 million from last month.
Smaller projected 2011/12 U.S. imports along with larger exports reduce 2011/12 ending stocks by 4.5 million cwt. U.S. rice imports for 2011/12 are projected at 20.0 million cwt, down 0.5 million from a month ago based on U.S. Bureau of the Census data through March. The pace of imports has slowed in recent months.
Rice exports for 2011/12 are raised 4.0 million cwt to 101.0 million because of a significant pickup in sales and shipments in April and early May, and an increase in food-aid. Rough rice exports for 2011/12 are reduced 4.0 million cwt to 31.0 million based on Bureau of the Census data through April and export sales data through the end of May. Conversely, milled rice exports are raised 8 million cwt (rough-equivalent basis) to 70 million with large shipments to Asia.
Rough rice price forecasts for 2012/13 are unchanged from last month. The 2012/13 long-grain U.S. season average farm price is projected at $14.50 to $15.50 per cwt, combined medium- and short-grain rice price is $17.25 to $18.25 per cwt, and the all rice price is $15.30 to $16.30 per cwt. The midpoint of the 2011/12 all rice, long-grain, and combined medium- and short-grain prices are unchanged from a month ago, however, the price range is narrowed 10 cents on each end of the range for each.
Global 2012/13 rice supply and use is little changed from a month ago. Global rice production is projected at a record 466.5 million tons, up less than 100,000 tons from last month. Global 2012/13 exports are raised nearly 1.0 million tons mainly due to an increase for India, now forecast at 7.0 million, up 1.0 million from last month, but down 1.0 million from revised 2011/12. India’s 2011/12 exports are raised to a record 8.0 million tons.
Import 2012/13 forecasts are raised for Iran and several African countries. Global consumption for 2012/13 is raised 1.0 million tons, primarily due to larger consumption for Iran, Vietnam, and several African countries. Global ending stocks for 2012/13 are projected at 104.2 million tons, down 0.7 million from last month, due primarily to a reduction for India.
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