Canada will produce record-large crops of wheat and canola—as well as many other crops—and average yields for most crops were also larger than they have ever been—by a long shot.
"Despite a late start to the spring seeding, weather conditions that prevailed up to the end of summer led to higher than normal yields, especially in the West," says Statistics Canada in its November Production of Principal Field Crops report released early Dec. 4.
Massive Wheat Crop Dampens Outlook to 2015
"Most people were looking for increases in Canada wheat production, but Statistics Canada has produced numbers that are record large," says Bruce Burnett, weather and market analyst with the Canadian Wheat Board. "These are really, really large production estimates."
Canadian wheat producers reported record wheat production of 37.5 million tons, up a whopping 38% from 2012 production. Harvested area, up 9.9%, and average yield, up 25.4%, were both surprisingly stronger than last year. Alberta wheat production hit a record 11.3 million tons.
The average yield for hard red winter wheat hit a record 51 bushels per acre, nearly 10 bushels per acre larger than the previous record of 41.6 bushels.
"The market will view these numbers negatively," says Burnett. "Most of the increase in wheat production will have to flow to carryout." This year’s production will impact the price outlook for the 2015 wheat crop as well, he adds.
Canola Crop 30% Larger
Turning to canola, production increased 29.5% from 2012 levels to a record 18 million tons, primarily due to a record average yield of 40 bushels per acre. The 42.3% increase in the average yield compared with last year more than offset a 9% decline in harvested area for canola.
In Saskatchewan, canola production increased 37.5%. Alberta produced a record 6 million tons, up 17.7% from 2012 output. And Manitoba producers reported canola production of 2.9 million tons, up 36.7%, with an average yield of 41 bushels per acre.
Records Pile Up
Barley production climbed 27% above 2012 levels to 10.2 million tons. The average yield soared 32.5% to a record 71.7 bushels per acre. Oat production of 3.9 million tons, was 38.3% larger than last year, and the average yield for oats climbed to a record 92.1 bushels per acre.
Corn and soybean production in Canada also carved out new records. Canadian producers reported a record 14.2 million tons of corn for grain production, up 8.7% from a year ago, the result of a record-large harvested area of 3.7 million acres. Soybean production rose 2.2% to a record 5.2 million tons.