Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Iowa: Weather conditions were unfavorable for most of the State this week as Iowa experienced several cool, rainy days. Many farmers are anxious for fields to dry out enough so fieldwork and planting activities can resume. There were 1.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared to 4.5 days the previous week. The days suitable for fieldwork ranged from a low of 1.1 days in North Central and Central Iowa to a high of 3.4 days in South East Iowa. Topsoil moisture levels improved to 2 percent very short, 10 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture also improved and is now rated 10 percent very short, 24 percent short, 59 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Despite the rainy weather, corn planting advanced 4 percentage points and now stands at 9 percent complete, compared with 3 percent at this time last year and the five year average of 16 percent. One percent of the corn crop has emerged, 13 days ahead of normal. Some farmers were spotted planting soybean fields but progress was less than 1 percent.
Illinois: Most of the state experienced cool temperatures and sporadic rainfall last week. Temperatures averaged 53.2 degrees, 1.5 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.76 inches, 0.18 inches below normal. Field work continued at a steady pace with 3.9 days suitable. Frost conditions continued in parts of the state with wheat, hay, and emerged corn showing signs of damage. Corn planting progress has reached 59 percent statewide, compared to 10 percent this time last year and a 5-year average of 17 percent. Soybean planting progress is at 5 percent, compared to a 5-year average of 1 percent. Topsoil moisture was rated at 3 percent very short, 25 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 3 percent very short, 33 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.
Nebraska: For the week ending April 22, 2012, field activities picked up momentum but were slowed due to damp soils, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Corn planting increased to 14 percent complete during the 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. The first fields of soybeans were planted and sugarbeet planting in the Panhandle has begun. Soil temperatures ranged from the low 50’s in the northern counties to upper 50’s across the south. In general, temperatures averaged one degree below normal across the northern half of the state and one degree above normal across the south. Highs reached the upper 70’s and lows fell to the high 20’s in the Panhandle. Light precipitation fell across much of the state with most areas receiving less than half an inch. Portions of Boyd and Holt Counties in North Central Nebraska received over 1.5 inches.
Missouri: Cooler temperatures with scattered frost slowed all planting progress except rice remained well ahead of last year and the 5-year average (normal). State-wide there were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Although the southeast district received some much needed rainfall, it remained 44 percent short and very short compared to 37% short and very short last week. Ground worked spring tillage was 77 percent, 28 days ahead of last year, and 32 days ahead of normal. Corn planted was 50 percent, 2 weeks ahead of last year, and 15 days ahead of normal. Corn emergence was 21 percent, 13 days ahead of last year, and 1 week ahead of normal. Soybeans planted were 4 percent, 13 days ahead of last year, and 12 days ahead of normal.
Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 55.8 degrees, 3.4 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, April 22, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.45 inches, 0.30 inches below normal. There were 58 modified growing degree days, 4 days above normal. Reporters rated 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, April 20, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 1 percent very short, 27 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Temperatures for the State were above normal for the week and precipitation for the State was below normal. Field activities for the week include application of fertilizers and manure, tilling ground, and planting corn and soybeans. In addition, small patches of corn and soybeans left standing in fields from 2011 were harvested. As of Sunday April 22nd, corn planted for grain was 34 percent complete, compared to 1 percent last year and 8 percent for the five-year average. Corn emerged was at 2 percent. Seven percent of soybeans were planted, 6 percent ahead of the five-year average.
Indiana: Planting of corn and soybeans rapidly advanced during the week, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Some farmers have completed planting their corn acreage while others have not started because of the earliness of the season. However, planting of corn and soybeans continued at a record pace, moving ahead of 2010 when approximately 39 percent of the corn and 6 percent of the soybeans had been planted. Cool temperatures and dry topsoil conditions in some areas have slowed emergence and growth of the major field crops. Frost has caused some damage to crops but the extent is still being monitored at this time. Some hay has already been cut, which is very early. There were 5.0 days suitable for field work during the week. Forty-six percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted compared with 2 percent last year and 10 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 42 percent of the crop has been planted in the north, 47 percent in the central region and 50 percent in the south. Ten percent of corn acreage has emerged compared with 0 percent last year and 1 percent for the 5-year average. Eleven percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 0 percent last year and 1 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 11 percent of the soybean crop has been planted in the north, 12 percent in the central region and 9 percent in the south.
Minnesota: Above average precipitation was reported across the state, improving soil moisture supplies, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. For the week ending April 22, average rainfall amounts varied from 0.76 inch in northeastern areas to 1.85 inches in west central areas. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4 percent very short, 21 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus, compared to 14 percent very short, 34 percent short, 49 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus the previous week. Statewide, 2.9 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Land prepared for corn was 36 percent complete, and 11 percent of corn was planted, compared to 0 percent last year and 12 percent average. Land prepared for soybeans was 13 percent complete.